COMMENTARY ON & ANALYSIS OF THE

2010 DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT STANDARDS FOR ACCESSIBLE DESIGN, 1994 DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ADA STANDARDS FOR ACCESSIBLE DESIGN

&

1997 GEORGIA ACCESSIBILITY CODE

 

FEBRUARY 2011

 

 


 

 

2010 Standards for Accessible Design[1][2]

1994 Standards for Accessible Design[3]

Georgia Accessibility Code

Commentary[4]

Available at http://www.ada.gov/2010ADAstandards_index.htm.

 

Available at http://www.ada.gov/regs2010/2010ADAStandards/2010ADAStandards.pdf.

 

Available at http://web01.spo.ga.gov/ADA/Georgia%20Accessibility%20Code.htm.

For additional information on the application of the 2010 Standards for Accessible Design, see the DOJ Guidance on the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design available at http://www.ada.gov/regs2010/2010ADAStandards/Guidance2010ADAstandards.htm.

 

 

 

APPLICATION, ADMINISTRATION AND SCOPE

 

 

2010 Standards for Accessible Design

1994 Standards for Accessible Design

Georgia Accessibility Code

Commentary

ADA CHAPTER 1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISTRATION

 

1. PURPOSE.

 

See Appendix 1[5]

 

 

101.1 General. This document contains scoping and technical requirements for accessibility to sites, facilities, buildings, and elements by individuals with disabilities. The requirements are to be applied during the design, construction, additions to, and alteration of sites, facilities, buildings, and elements to the extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).

 

This document sets guidelines for accessibility to places of public accommodation and commercial facilities by individuals with disabilities. These guidelines are to be applied during the design, construction, and alteration of such buildings and facilities to the extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies, including the Department of Justice, under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

The technical specifications 4.2 through 4.35, of these guidelines are the same as those of the American National Standard Institute's document A117.1-1980, except as noted in this text by italics. However, sections 4.1.1 through 4.1.7 and sections 5 through 10 are different from ANSI A117.1 in their entirety and are printed in standard type.

 

120-3-20-.01 PURPOSE

(1) The provisions of this chapter are enacted to further the policy of the State of Georgia to encourage and enable persons with disabilities or elderly persons to participate fully in the social and economic life of Georgia and to encourage and promote their education and rehabilitation. It is the intent of this chapter to eliminate, insofar as possible, unnecessary physical barriers encountered by persons with disabilities or elderly persons whose ability to participate in the social and economic life of this state is needlessly restricted when such persons cannot readily use government buildings, public buildings, and facilities used by the public.

 

 

 

The intent of the US Department of Justice 1994 and 2010 Standards for Accessible Design is to establish design and construction criteria that accomplish the nondiscrimination mandates of the Americans with Disabilities Act. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2) Unless otherwise stated in this Chapter of the Rules and Regulations of the Georgia Safety Fire Commissioner, the following meet the Americans With Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines and shall be the minimum standard for Accessibility to buildings and facilities by individuals with disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990. These rules are to be applied during the design, construction, and alteration of buildings and facilities covered by Titles II and III of the ADA to the extent required by regulations issued by Federal agencies, including the Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation, under the ADA.  The technical specifications Rules 120-3-20-.03 through 120-3-20-.46, of these regulations are the same as those of the American National Standard Institute's document A117.1-1980, except as noted in this text by italics. However, Rules 120-3-20-.07 through 120-3-20-.12 and Rules 120-3-20-.47 through 120-3-20-.53 are different from ANSI A117.1 in their entirety.

 

 

 

The illustrations and text of ANSI A117.1 are reproduced with permission from the American National Standards Institute. Copies of the standard may be purchased from the American National Standards Institute at 1430 Broadway, New York, New York 10018.

 

The illustrations and text of ANSI A117.1 are reproduced with permission from the American National Standards Institute. Copies of the standard may be purchased from the American National Standards Institute at 1430 Broadway, New York, New York 10018

 

 

 

 

120-3-20-.02 ADMINISTRATION

(a) Except for buildings under the jurisdiction of the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia, all buildings subject to the jurisdiction of the Safety Fire Commissioner pursuant to Code Section 25-2-12 and subsection (c) of Code Section 25-2-13 shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the Safety Fire Commissioner for purposes of enforcement of this chapter.

 

(b) The board of regents shall be responsible for the administration and enforcement of this chapter with respect to all buildings and facilities under its jurisdiction. No construction plans for any such building or facility shall be approved by the board of regents for any construction within the University System of Georgia unless the building or facility conforms to O.C.G.A. 25-2-12 Rules 30-3-3 and 30-3-5 and unless the architect or engineer responsible for preparation of said plans and specifications affixes that person's seal on such plans. The affixing of the seal of an architect or engineer to said plans shall constitute a certification that to the best of that person's knowledge, information, and belief they have been prepared in conformity with O.C.G.A. Title 30 Code Rules 30-3-3 and 30-3-5. A certificate of compliance may be displayed on said plans in lieu of the architect's or engineer's seal. The builder, developer, contractor, or building owner following said plans shall require an architect's or engineer's seal or a certificate of compliance to be displayed on the plans before starting construction.

 

(c) Local governing authorities shall be responsible for the administration and enforcement of this chapter with regard to all government and public buildings and facilities which are not under the jurisdiction of the Safety Fire Commissioner or board of regents, pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this Code section and which are under the jurisdiction of such local governing authorities. No building permit for any such building or facility shall be approved by any local governing authority for any private person, corporation, partnership, association, or public entity unless the plans and specifications conform to the requirements of O.C.G.A. Title 30 Code Rules 30-3-3 and 30-3-5 and unless the architect or engineer responsible for preparation of said plans and specifications affixes that person's seal on such plans.  The affixing of the seal of an architect or engineer to said plans shall constitute a certification that to the best of that person's knowledge, information, and belief they have been prepared in conformity with O.C.G.A. Title 30 Code Rules 30-3-3 and 30-3-5. A certificate of compliance may be displayed on said plans in lieu of the architect's or engineer's seal. The builder, developer, contractor, or building owner following said plans shall require such a seal or a certificate of compliance on the plans before starting construction. All construction plans must display such a certificate of compliance, or a seal provided by the architect or engineer, for all construction in local governing jurisdictions which do not require building permits. In all areas where local governing authority building permits are not required, the builder, developer, contractor, or building owner following said plans shall require such an architect's or engineer's seal or a certificate of compliance to be displayed on the plans before starting construction.

 

 

101.2 Effect on Removal of Barriers in Existing Facilities. This document does not address existing facilities unless altered at the discretion of a covered entity. The Department of Justice has authority over existing facilities that are subject to the requirement for removal of barriers under title III of the ADA. Any determination that this document applies to existing facilities subject to the barrier removal requirement is solely within the discretion of the Department of Justice and is effective only to the extent required by regulations issued by the Department of Justice.

 

 

 

The 2010 Standards make clear that they do not address existing facilities unless they are undergoing an alteration.  The same is true of the 1994 Standards and the accessibility requirements of the Georgia Accessibility Code.

 

2. GENERAL.

 

 

 

102 Dimensions for Adults and Children

 The technical requirements are based on adult dimensions and anthropometrics. In addition, this document includes technical requirements based on children's dimensions and anthropometrics for drinking fountains, water closets, toilet compartments, lavatories and sinks, dining surfaces, and work surfaces.

 

2.1 Provisions for Adults. The specifications in these guidelines are based upon adult dimensions and anthropometrics.

See also Appendix 2.1.

 

 

120-3-20-.04 GENERAL.

(1) Provisions for Adults. The specifications in these regulations are based upon adult dimensions and anthropometries.

The 1994 Standards do not address accessibility for children.

103 Equivalent Facilitation

Nothing in these requirements prevents the use of designs, products, or technologies as alternatives to those prescribed, provided they result in substantially equivalent or greater accessibility and usability.

 

2.2 Equivalent Facilitation. Departures from particular technical and scoping requirements of this guideline by the use of other designs and technologies are permitted where the alternative designs and technologies used will provide substantially equivalent or greater access to and usability of the facility.

(2) Equivalent Facilitation. Departures from particular technical and scoping requirements of this chapter by the use of other designs and technologies are permitted where the alternative designs and technologies used will provide substantially equivalent or greater access to and usability of the facility.

 

Note: Equivalent Facilitation. Specific examples of equivalent facilitation are found in the following sections:

120-3-20-.11(3)(c) Elevators in Alterations

120-3-20-.42(9) Text Telephones

120-3-49(2) Sales and Service Counters, Teller Windows, Information counters                                                             

120-3-20-.51(1)d Classes of Sleeping Accommodations

120-3-20-.51(2)(6)(d)  Requirements for Accessible Units, Sleeping Rooms,                                                     and Suites

 

 

 

(3) Designing for Children. The specifications in this standard are based upon adult dimensions and anthropometrics. If buildings, facilities, or portions thereof serve children primarily, they should comply with provisions of 120-3-20-.53.

 

 

 

120-3-20-.53 Children's Facilities Designing for Children

(1) Application This section applies to facilities, or portions of facilities, constructed according to children's dimensions and anthropometric for ages 2 through 12. Facilities covered by this section shall comply with the applicable requirements of rule 120-3-20-.03 through rule 120-3-20-.46 and the special application sections, except as modified or otherwise provided in this section.  All public and common use areas covered by this section are required to be designed and constructed to comply with rule 120-3-20-.03 through rule 120-3-20-.46, except as modified or otherwise provided in this section. Accessible elements and spaces covered by this section shall be on an accessible route complying with rules 120-3-20-.14, 120-3-20-.53(3), and 120-3-20-.53(4). The specifications in this section are based on children's dimensions and anthropometrics. The phrase "constructed according to children's dimensions and anthropometric" means where the construction of a facility reflects the size and dimensions, reach ranges, level of strength and stamina, or other characteristics of children. Facilities constructed that do not reflect children's characteristics are not covered by this section.

 

Note: Rule 120-3-20-.53 modifies the technical requirements in section rule 120-3-20-.03. This section applies to facilities, or portions thereof, constructed according to children's dimensions and anthropometric for ages 2 through 12. State and local codes and rules, as well as best practices, often specify that facilities be designed to accommodate children rather than adults, particularly where children are the primary population served by a facility. These codes, rules, and best practices may specify lower mounting heights for certain elements used primarily by children, such as water fountains, lavatories, and toilets. This section provides accessibility requirements for these elements and is intended to apply where state or local codes, rules, or best practices specify design for children.

 

The phrase "constructed according to children's dimensions and anthropometric" means where the construction of a facility reflects the size and dimensions, reach ranges, level of strength and stamina, or other characteristics of children, thus rendering such a facility more usable by children. Facilities constructed that do not reflect children's characteristics are not covered by rule 120-3-20-.53.

 

Rule 120-3-20-.53 also specifies that accessible elements and spaces constructed according to children's dimensions and anthropometric shall be on an accessible route complying with rules 120-3-20-.14, 120-3-20-.53(3), and 120-3-20-.53(4). Additional routes serving the children's area are not subject to the requirements in this section. Accessible routes subject to this section must comply with the requirements for protruding objects (rule 120-3-20-.53(3)) and handrails at ramps and stairs (rule 120-3-20-.53(4)). For example, a children's area may be located in a portion of a community center and may have elements and features constructed according to children's dimensions and anthropometric, such as storage units, toilets, or lavatories. Where the accessible route serving the children's area includes a ramp, additional handrails for children must be provided. Additionally, objects along this accessible route that project from walls must comply with the requirements for protruding objects in rule 120-3-20-.53(3). An accessible route complying with this section shall also be provided where individual elements are positioned at heights or locations based on children's sizes and dimensions, such as a drinking fountain in a shopping mall.

 

 

3. MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUCTIONS AND DEFINITIONS.

 

120-3-20-.05 Miscellaneous Instructions.

(a) Graphic Conventions. Graphic conventions are shown in Table 1. Dimensions that are not marked minimum or maximum are absolute, unless otherwise indicated in the text or captions.

 

 

104 Conventions

 

3.1 Graphic Conventions. Graphic conventions are shown in Table 1. Dimensions that are not marked minimum or maximum are absolute, unless otherwise indicated in the text or captions.

 

NOTE: Table 1 describes graphic conventions for showing dimensions on figures between boundary and element lines, how the direction of approach is denoted, centerline designation and boundary of clear floor area. All dimensions are shown in inches above the measure line, with the metric equivalent below. Where the dimension does not fit conveniently between lines, the measure line is extended beyond the lines and the dimension placed above (and below) the extension.

 

 

 

104.1 Dimensions. Dimensions that are not stated as "maximum" or "minimum" are absolute.

 

 

 

3.2 Dimensional Tolerances. All dimensions are subject to conventional building industry tolerances for field conditions.

 

120-3-20-.05 (b) Dimensional Tolerances. All dimensions are subject to conventional building industry tolerances for field conditions.

The 1994 Standards and Georgia Accessibility Code state that all dimensions are subject to conventional building tolerances, while the 2010 Standards do not permit a deviation outside a stated minimum-maximum range.

 

 

104.1.1 Construction and Manufacturing Tolerances. All dimensions are subject to conventional industry tolerances except where the requirement is stated as a range with specific minimum and maximum end points.

 

 

 

104.2 Calculation of Percentages. Where the required number of elements or facilities to be provided is determined by calculations of ratios or percentages and remainders or fractions result, the next greater whole number of such elements or facilities shall be provided. Where the determination of the required size or dimension of an element or facility involves ratios or percentages, rounding down for values less than one half shall be permitted.

 

 

 

 

104.3 Figures. Unless specifically stated otherwise, figures are provided for informational purposes only.

 

 

 

The 1994 Standards include many of their requirements in figures with no corresponding provisions in text. (i.e. Figure 31 for knee and toe clearance at lavatories).

 

 

3.3 Notes. The text of these guidelines does not contain notes or footnotes. Additional information, explanations, and advisory materials are located in the Appendix. Paragraphs marked with an asterisk have related, nonmandatory material in the Appendix. In the Appendix, the corresponding paragraph numbers are preceded by an A.

 

120-3-20-.05 (c) Notes. The text of these regulations contains additional information, and explanations. Rules, paragraphs, and subparagraphs marked with a “Note:” This additional information shall have the same effect as the specific requirements and shall be considered to be additional to the minimum accessible requirement.

 

 

3.4 General Terminology.

comply with. Meet one or more specifications of these guidelines.

if, if ... then. Denotes a specification that applies only when the conditions described are present.

may. Denotes an option or alternative.

shall. Denotes a mandatory specification or requirement.

should. Denotes an advisory specification or recommendation.

 

120-3-20-.05 (d) General Terminology.

comply with. ................ Must meet one or more specifications.

if, if ... then................... Denotes a specification that applies only when the conditions                                         described are present.

may............................... Denotes an option or alternative.

shall.............................. Denotes a mandatory specification or requirement.

should........................... Denotes an advisory specification or recommendation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“May” and “should” are examples of nonmandatory language that is not found in the 2010 Standards.

105 Referenced Standards

 

See Appendix 2.3

 

 

105.1 General. The standards listed in 105.2 are incorporated by reference in this document and are part of the requirements to the prescribed extent of each such reference. The Director of the Federal Register has approved these standards for incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the referenced standards may be inspected at the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board, 1331 F Street, NW, Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20004; at the Department of Justice, Civil Rights

Division, Disability Rights Section, 1425 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC; at the Department of Transportation, 400 Seventh Street, SW, Room 10424,

Washington DC; or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call (202) 741-6030, or go to

http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html.

 

See Appendix 2.3.1

 

 

 

105.2 Referenced Standards. The specific edition of the standards listed below are referenced in this document. Where differences occur between this document

and the referenced standards, this document applies.

 

See Appendix 2.3.2

 

 

105.2.1 ANSI/BHMA. Copies of the referenced standards may be obtained from the Builders Hardware Manufacturers Association, 355 Lexington Avenue, 17th floor, New York, NY 10017 (http://www.buildershardware.com).

 

 

 

 

ANSI/BHMA A156.10-1999 American National Standard for Power Operated Pedestrian Doors (see 404.3).

 

See 4.13.12

 

 

ANSI/BHMA A156.19-1997 American National Standard for Power Assist and Low Energy Power Operated Doors (see 404.3, 408.3.2.1, and 409.3.1).

ANSI/BHMA A156.19-2002 American National Standard for Power Assist and Low Energy Power Operated Doors (see 404.3, 408.3.2.1, and 409.3.1).

 

See 4.13.12

 

In some cases the 2010 Standards reference a number of editions of the same standard or code.  This is to avoid conflict with an edition that may be referenced by a jurisdiction’s building code. 

105.2.2 ASME. Copies of the referenced standards may be obtained from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Three Park Avenue, New York, New York

10016 (http://www.asme.org).

 

 

 

 

ASME A17.1- 2000 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, including ASME A17.1a-2002 Addenda and ASME A17.1b-2003 Addenda (see 407.1, 408.1, 409.1, and 810.9).

See 4.10.1

 

 

ASME A18.1-1999 Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and Stairway Chairlifts, including

 

ASME A18.1a-2001 Addenda and ASME A18.1b-2001 Addenda (see 410.1).

 

ASME A18.1-2003 Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and Stairway Chairlifts, (see 410.1).

 

See 4.11.2

 

The 1994 Standards reference ASME A17.1-1990 for wheelchair (platform) lifts, which regulated these devices prior to the creation of the ASME A18.1 standard in 1999.  The ASME A17.1-1990 code prohibited floor penetration by vertical lifts and specified that fold-up inclined lifts must be attendant operated (which is prohibited by the 1994 Standards).  ASME A18.1a-2001 and ASME A18.1-2003 do not have these restrictions.

 

105.2.3 ASTM. Copies of the referenced standards may be obtained from the American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Bar Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19428 (http://www.astm.org).

 

See Appendix 2.3.2.1

 

The ASTM reference standards in the 2010 Standards are applicable in accessible play areas which are not regulated by the Georgia Accessibility Code.

ASTM F 1292-99 Standard Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment (see 1008.2.6.2).

 

See Appendix 15.6.7.2

ASTM F 1292-04 Standard Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment (see 1008.2.6.2).

 

See Appendix 15.6.7.2

ASTM F 1487-01 Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use (see 106.5).

 

 

ASTM F 1951-99 Standard Specification for Determination of Accessibility of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment (see 1008.2.6.1).

 

See also Appendix 15.6.7.1

105.2.4 ICC/IBC. Copies of the referenced standard may be obtained from the International Code Council, 5203 Leesburg Pike, Suite 600, Falls Church, Virginia 22041 (www.iccsafe.org).

See Appendix 2.3.2.2

 

 

International Building Code, 2000 Edition (see 207.1, 207.2, 216.4.2, 216.4.3, and 1005.2.1).

 

International Building Code, 2001 Supplement (see 207.1 and 207.2).

 

International Building Code, 2003 Edition (see 207.1, 207.2, 216.4.2, 216.4.3, and 1005.2.1).

 

See Appendix 15.3.3.2

 

 

105.2.5 NFPA. Copies of the referenced standards may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02169-7471, (http://www.nfpa.org).

 

 

 

 

NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code, 1999 Edition (see 702.1 and 809.5.2).

 

NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code, 2002 Edition (see 702.1 and 809.5.2).

 

 

 

 

106 Definitions

 

3.5 Definitions.

 

120-3-20-.06 Definitions.

Unless a different meaning is required by the context, the following terms as used in these rules and regulations shall have the meaning hereinafter respectively ascribed to them. Where terms are not defined, they shall have their ordinarily accepted meaning or such as context applies unless defined in O.C.G.A. Title 30 Chapter 3.

 

Words used in the present tense included the future; Words used in the masculine gender includes the feminine and neuter; the singular includes the plural and the plural the singular.

 

 

 

 

(a ) Above Finished Floor (A.F.F.) means the distance above the finish floor surface.

 

 

106.1 General. For the purpose of this document, the terms defined in 106.5 have the indicated meaning.

 

 

 

 

106.2 Terms Defined in Referenced Standards. Terms not defined in 106.5 or in regulations issued by the Department of Justice and the Department of

Transportation to implement the Americans with Disabilities Act, but specifically defined in a referenced standard, shall have the specified meaning from the referenced standard unless otherwise stated.

 

 

 

 

106.3 Undefined Terms. The meaning of terms not specifically defined in 106.5 or in regulations issued by the Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation to implement the Americans with Disabilities Act or in referenced standards shall be as defined by collegiate dictionaries in the sense that the context implies.

 

 

 

 

106.4 Interchangeability. Words, terms and phrases used in the singular include the plural and those used in the plural include the singular.

 

 

 

 

106.5 Defined Terms.

 

 

 

 

 

Access Aisle. An accessible pedestrian space between elements, such as parking spaces, seating, and desks, that provides clearances appropriate for use of the elements.

 

(b) Access Aisle. An accessible pedestrian space between elements, such as parking spaces, seating, and desks, that provides clearances appropriate for use of the elements.

 

The 2010 Standards do not include this definition because it is not necessary.

Accessible. A site, building, facility, or portion thereof that complies with this part.

 

Accessible. Describes a site, building, facility, or portion thereof that complies with these guidelines.

 

(c) Accessible. Describes a site, building, facility, or portion thereof that complies with these regulations.

 

 

Accessible Element. An element specified by these guidelines (for example, telephone, controls, and the like).

 

(d) Accessible Element. An element specified by these regulations (i.e., telephone, controls).

            

 

Accessible Means of Egress. A continuous and unobstructed way of egress travel from any point in a building or facility that provides an accessible route to an area of refuge, a horizontal exit, or a public way.

 

 

 

 

 

Accessible Route. A continuous unobstructed path connecting all accessible elements and spaces of a building or facility. Interior accessible routes may include corridors, floors, ramps, elevators, lifts, and clear floor space at fixtures. Exterior accessible routes may include parking access aisles, curb ramps, crosswalks at vehicular ways, walks, ramps, and lifts.

 

(e) Accessible Route. A continuous unobstructed path connecting all accessible elements and spaces of a building or facility. Interior accessible routes may include corridors, floors, ramps, elevators, lifts, and clear floor space at fixtures. Exterior accessible routes may include parking access aisles, curb ramps, crosswalks at vehicular ways, walks, ramps, and lifts.

 

 

 

Accessible Space. Space that complies with these guidelines.

 

(f) Accessible Space.  Space that complies with these regulations.

 

 

Adaptability. The ability of certain building spaces and elements, such as kitchen counters, sinks, and grab bars, to be added or altered so as to accommodate the needs of individuals with or without disabilities or to accommodate the needs of persons with different types or degrees of disability.

 

(g) Adaptability. The ability of certain building spaces and elements, such as kitchen counters, sinks, and grab bars, to be added or altered so as to accommodate the needs of individuals with or without disabilities or to accommodate the needs of persons with different types or degrees of disability.

This term is defined but never used in the 1994 Standards.

Addition. An expansion, extension, or increase in the gross floor area or height of a building or facility.

 

Addition. An expansion, extension, or increase in the gross floor area of a building or facility.

 

(h) Addition. An expansion, extension, or increase in the gross floor area of a building or facility.

 

Administrative Authority. A governmental agency that adopts or enforces regulations and guidelines for the design, construction, or alteration of buildings and facilities.

 

Administrative Authority. A governmental agency that adopts or enforces regulations and guidelines for the design, construction, or alteration of buildings and facilities.

 

(i) Administrative Authority. A governmental agency that adopts or enforces regulations and regulations for the design, construction, or alteration of buildings and facilities.

 

Alteration. A change to a building or facility that affects or could affect the usability of the building or facility or portion thereof. Alterations include, but are not limited to, remodeling, renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction,

historic restoration, resurfacing of circulation paths or vehicular ways, changes or rearrangement of the structural parts or elements, and changes or rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height partitions.

 

Normal maintenance, reroofing, painting or wallpapering, or changes to mechanical and electrical systems are not alterations unless they affect the usability of the building or facility.

 

Alteration. An alteration is a change to a building or facility made by, on behalf of, or for the use of a public accommodation or commercial facility, that affects or could affect the usability of the building or facility or part thereof. Alterations include, but are not limited to, remodeling, renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction, historic restoration, changes or rearrangement of the structural parts or elements, and changes or rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height partitions. Normal maintenance, reroofing, painting or wallpapering, or changes to mechanical and electrical systems are not alterations unless they affect the usability of the building or facility.

 

(j) Alteration. An alteration is a change to a building or facility made by, on behalf of, or for the use of a public accommodation or commercial facility, that affects or could affect the usability of the building or facility or part thereof. Alterations include, but are not limited to, remodeling, renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction, historic restoration, changes or rearrangement of the structural parts or elements, and changes or rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height partitions. Normal maintenance, re-roofing, painting or wallpapering, or changes to mechanical and electrical systems are not alterations unless they affect the usability of the building or facility.

 

Amusement Attraction. Any facility, or portion of a facility, located within an amusement park or theme park which provides amusement without the use of an amusement device. Amusement attractions include, but are not limited to, fun houses, barrels, and other attractions without seats.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Amusement Ride. A system that moves persons through a fixed course within a defined area for the purpose of amusement.

 

See Appendix 3.5

Amusement Ride Seat. A seat that is built-in or mechanically fastened to an amusement ride intended to be occupied by one or more passengers.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

Area of Rescue Assistance. An area, which has direct access to an exit, where people who are unable to use stairs may remain temporarily in safety to await further instructions or assistance during emergency evacuation.

 

(k) Area of Rescue Assistance. An area, which has direct access to an exit, where people who are unable to use stairs may remain temporarily in safety to await further instructions or assistance during emergency evacuation. The area of rescue assistance space shall protected from fire or smoke, separated from all other spaces in the same building or an adjacent building that permits a delay in egress travel from any level.

 

 

Area of Sport Activity. That portion of a room or space where the play or practice of a sport occurs.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Assembly Area. A building or facility, or portion thereof, used for the purpose of entertainment, educational or civic gatherings, or similar purposes. For the purposes of these requirements, assembly areas include, but are not limited to, classrooms, lecture halls, courtrooms, public meeting rooms, public hearing rooms, legislative chambers, motion picture houses, auditoria, theaters, playhouses, dinner theaters, concert halls, centers for the performing arts,

amphitheaters, arenas, stadiums, grandstands, or convention centers.

 

Assembly Area. A room or space accommodating a group of individuals for recreational, educational, political, social, civic, or amusement purposes, or for the consumption of food and drink.

 

(l) Assembly Area. A room or space accommodating a group of individuals for recreational, educational, political, social, or amusement purposes, or for the consumption of food and drink.

 

 

 

(m) Assistive. An electrical, hydraulic, or mechanical means of increasing power.

 

 

Assistive Listening System (ALS). An amplification system utilizing transmitters, receivers, and coupling devices to bypass the acoustical space between a sound source and a listener by means of induction loop, radio frequency, infrared, or direct-wired equipment.

 

 

 

 

 

Automatic Door. A door equipped with a power-operated mechanism and controls that open and close the door automatically upon receipt of a momentary actuating signal.  The switch that begins the automatic cycle may be a photoelectric device, floor mat, or manual switch (see power-assisted door).

 

(n) Automatic Door. A door equipped with a power-operated mechanism and controls that open and close the door automatically upon receipt of a momentary actuating signal. The switch that begins the automatic cycle may be a photoelectric device, floor mat, or manual switch.

 

Boarding Pier. A portion of a pier where a boat is temporarily secured for the purpose of embarking or disembarking.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Boat Launch Ramp. A sloped surface designed for launching and retrieving trailered boats and other water craft to and from a body of water.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Boat Slip. That portion of a pier, main pier, finger pier, or float where a boat is moored for the purpose of berthing, embarking, or disembarking.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

 

 

(o) Bollard. One of a series of short posts, used for excluding motor vehicles from pedestrian way.

 

 

Building. Any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

 

Building. Any structure used and intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

 

(p) Building. Any structure used and intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

 

 

Catch Pool. A pool or designated section of a pool used as a terminus for water slide flumes.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Characters. Letters, numbers, punctuation marks and typographic symbols.

 

 

 

 

Children's Use. Describes spaces and elements specifically designed for use primarily by people 12 years old and younger.

 

 

 

 

Circulation Path. An exterior or interior way of passage provided for pedestrian travel, including but not limited to, walks, hallways, courtyards, elevators, platform lifts, ramps, stairways, and landings.

 

Circulation Path. An exterior or interior way of passage from one place to another for pedestrians, including, but not limited to, walks, hallways, courtyards, stairways, and stair landings.

(q) Circulation Path. An exterior or interior way of passage from one place to another for pedestrians, including, but not limited to, walks, hallways, courtyards, stairways, and stair landings.

 

 

Clear. Unobstructed.

 

(r) Clear. Unobstructed.

 

 

Clear Floor Space. The minimum unobstructed floor or ground space required to accommodate a single, stationary wheelchair and occupant.

 

(s) Clear Floor Space. The minimum unobstructed floor or ground space required to accommodate a single, stationary wheelchair and occupant.

 

Closed-Circuit Telephone. A telephone with a dedicated line such as a house phone, courtesy phone or phone that must be used to gain entry to a facility.

 

Closed Circuit Telephone. A telephone with dedicated line(s) such as a house phone, courtesy phone or phone that must be used to gain entrance to a facility.

 

(t) Closed Circuit Telephone. A telephone with dedicated line(s) such as a house phone, courtesy phone or phone that must be used to gain entrance to a facility.

 

 

 

(u) Commissioner means the Safety Fire Commissioner provided for in Chapter 2 of Title 25.

 

 

 

Commercial Facilities.  (28 C.F.R. § 36.104).  Commercial facilities means facilities --

  (1) Whose operations will affect commerce;

  (2) That are intended for nonresidential use by a private entity; and

  (3) That are not --

    (i) Facilities that are not covered or expressly exempted from coverage under the Fair Housing Act of 1968, as amended (42 U.S.C. 3601-3631);

    (ii) Aircraft; or

    (iii) Railroad locomotives, railroad freight cars, railroad cabooses, commuter or intercity passenger rail cars (including coaches, dining cars, sleeping cars, lounge cars, and food service cars), and any other railroad cars described in section 242 of the Act or covered under title II of the Act, or railroad rights-of-way.  For purposes of this definition, "rail" and "railroad" have the meaning given the term "railroad" in section 202(e) of the Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970 (45 U.S.C. 431(e)).

 

 

 

Commercial facilities located in private residences.  (28 C.F.R. § 36.401(b)).

  (1) When a commercial facility is located in a private residence, the portion of the residence used exclusively as a residence is not covered by this subpart, but that portion used both for the commercial facility and for residential purposes is covered by the new construction and alterations requirements of this subpart.

  (2) The portion of the residence covered under paragraph (b)(1) of this section extends to those elements used to enter the commercial facility, including the homeowner's front sidewalk, if any, the door or entryway, and hallways; and those portions of the residence, interior or exterior, available to or used by employees or visitors of the commercial facility, including restrooms.

 

 

Common Use. Interior or exterior circulation paths, rooms, spaces, or elements that are not for public use and are made available for the shared use of two or more people.

 

Common Use. Interior or exterior circulation paths, rooms, spaces, or elements that are not for public use and are made available for the shared use of two or more people

(v) Common Use. Refers to those interior and exterior rooms, spaces, or elements that are made available for the use of a restricted group of people (for example, occupants of a homeless shelter, the occupants of an office building, or the guests of such occupants).

 

 

 

(w) Covered Multi Family Dwelling means a building which had occupancy after March 31, 1993, and consists of four or more units and has an elevator or the ground floor units of a building which consists of four or more units and does not have an elevator.

 

 

Cross Slope. The slope that is perpendicular to the direction of travel (see running slope).

 

Cross Slope. The slope that is perpendicular to the direction of travel (see running slope).

(x) Cross Slope. The slope that is perpendicular to the direction of travel (see running slope).

 

 

Curb Ramp. A short ramp cutting through a curb or built up to it.

 

Curb Ramp. A short ramp cutting through a curb or built up to it.

 

(y) Curb Ramp. A short ramp cutting through a curb or built up to it.

 

Detectable Warning. A standardized surface feature built in or applied to walking surfaces or other elements to warn of hazards on a circulation path.

 

Detectable Warning. A standardized surface feature built in or applied to walking surfaces or other elements to warn visually impaired people of hazards on a circulation path.

 

(z) Detectable Warning. A standardized surface feature built in or applied to walking surfaces or other elements to warn visually impaired people of hazards on a circulation path.

 

 

 

Disability.  (28 C.F.R § 36.104).  Disability means, with respect to an individual, a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual; a record of such an impairment; or being regarded as having such an impairment.

 

 

 

Dwelling Unit. A single unit which provides a kitchen or food preparation area, in addition to rooms and spaces for living, bathing, sleeping, and the like. Dwelling units include a single family home or a townhouse used as a transient group home; an apartment building used as a shelter; guestrooms in a hotel that provide sleeping accommodations and food preparation areas; and other similar facilities used on a transient basis. For purposes of these guidelines, use of the term "Dwelling Unit" does not imply the unit is used as a residence.

 

(aa) Dwelling Unit. A single unit which provides a kitchen or food preparation area, in addition to rooms and spaces for living, bathing, sleeping, and the like. Dwelling units include a single family home or a town house used as a transient group home; an apartment building used as a shelter; guest rooms in a hotel that provide sleeping accommodations and food preparation areas; and other similar facilities used on a transient basis. For purposes of these regulations, use of the term "Dwelling Unit" does not imply the unit is used as a residence.

 

 

Egress, Means of. A continuous and unobstructed way of exit travel from any point in a building or facility to a public way. A means of egress comprises vertical and horizontal travel and may include intervening room spaces, doorways, hallways, corridors, passageways, balconies, ramps, stairs, enclosures, lobbies, horizontal exits, courts and yards. An accessible means of egress is one that complies with these guidelines and does not include stairs, steps, or escalators. Areas of rescue assistance or evacuation elevators may be included as part of accessible means of egress.

 

(bb) Egress, Means of. A continuous and unobstructed way of exit travel from any point in a building or facility to a public way. A means of egress comprises vertical and horizontal travel and may include intervening room spaces, doorways, hallways, corridors, passageways, balconies, ramps, stairs, enclosures, lobbies, horizontal exits, courts and yards. An accessible means of egress is one that complies with these regulations and does not include stairs, steps, or escalators . Area of rescue assistance or evacuation elevators may be included as part of accessible means of egress.

 

Element. An architectural or mechanical component of a building, facility, space, or site.

 

Element. An architectural or mechanical component of a building, facility, space, or site, e.g., telephone, curb ramp, door, drinking fountain, seating, or water closet.

 

 

 

Elevated Play Component. A play component that is approached above or below grade and that is part of a composite play structure consisting of two or more play components attached or functionally linked to create an integrated unit providing more than one play activity.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Employee Work Area. All or any portion of a space used only by employees and used only for work. Corridors, toilet rooms, kitchenettes and break rooms are not employee work areas.

 

 

 

 

Entrance. Any access point to a building or portion of a building or facility used for the purpose of entering. An entrance includes the approach walk, the vertical access leading to the entrance platform, the entrance platform itself, vestibule if provided, the entry door or gate, and the hardware of the entry door or gate.[6]

 

Entrance. Any access point to a building or portion of a building or facility used for the purpose of entering. An entrance includes the approach walk, the vertical access leading to the entrance platform, the entrance platform itself, vestibules if provided, the entry door(s) or gate(s), and the hardware of the entry door(s) or gate(s).

 

(cc) Entrance. Any access point to a building or portion of a building or facility used for the purpose of entering. An entrance includes the approach walk, the vertical access leading to the entrance platform, the entrance platform itself, vestibules if provided, the entry door(s) or gate(s), and the hardware of the entry door(s) or gate(s).

 

 

 

(dd) Essential Features. Those elements and spaces that make a building or facility usable by, or serve the needs of, its occupants or users. Essential features include but are not limited to entrances, toilet rooms, and accessible routes.

 

 

Facility. All or any portion of buildings, structures, site improvements, elements, and pedestrian routes or vehicular ways located on a site.

 

Facility. All or any portion of buildings, structures, site improvements, complexes, equipment, roads, walks, passageways, parking lots, or other real or personal property located on a site.

 

(ee) Facilities shall include, but is not limited to, all or any portion of buildings, structures, site improvements, complexes, equipment, roads, walks, walkways, passageways, sidewalks, curbing, parking lots, parks, stadiums, coliseums, and any other man made or developed area used by the public or other real or personal property located on a site.

 

 

Gangway. A variable-sloped pedestrian walkway that links a fixed structure or land with a floating structure. Gangways that connect to vessels are not addressed by this document.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Golf Car Passage. A continuous passage on which a motorized golf car can operate.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

 

 

(ff) Government Buildings means all buildings, structures, streets, sidewalks, walkways, and access thereto, which are used by the public or in which persons with disabilities or elderly persons may be employed, that are constructed, leased, or renovated in whole or in part by use of state, county, or municipal funds or the funds of any political subdivisions of the state, and, to the extent not required otherwise by federal law or regulations and not beyond the power of the state to regulate, all buildings and structures used by the public which are constructed or renovated in whole or in part by use of federal funds.

 

 

 

Ground Floor. Any occupiable floor less than one story above or below grade with direct access to grade. A building or facility always has at least one ground floor and may have more than one ground floor as where a split level entrance has been provided or where a building is built into a hillside.

 

(gg) Ground Floor. Any occupiable floor less than one story above or below grade with direct access to grade. A building or facility always has at least one ground floor and may have more than one ground floor as where a split level entrance has been provided or where a building is built into a hillside.

The 2010 Standards do not use this term.

Ground Level Play Component. A play component that is approached and exited at the ground level.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

 

 

(hh) Infeasible means where structural conditions in an existing building or facility make it virtually impossible to meet the accessibility requirements for alterations, those accessibly requirements will be deemed “technically infeasible.” For example, the removal or altering of a load-bearing member in order to provide accessibility would be infeasible.

 

 

Key Station. Rapid and light rail stations, and commuter rail stations, as defined under criteria established by the Department of Transportation in 49 CFR 37.47 and 49 CFR 37.51, respectively.

 

 

 

 

Mail Boxes. Receptacles for the receipt of documents, packages, or other deliverable matter. Mail boxes include, but are not limited to, post office boxes and receptacles provided by commercial mail-receiving agencies, apartment facilities, or schools.

 

 

 

 

Marked Crossing. A crosswalk or other identified path intended for pedestrian use in crossing a vehicular way.

 

Marked Crossing. A crosswalk or other identified path intended for pedestrian use in crossing a vehicular way.

 

(jj) Marked Crossing. A crosswalk or other identified path intended for pedestrian use in crossing a vehicular way.

 

 

Maximum Extent Feasible.  (28 C.F.R. § 36.402(c)).  The phrase, "to the maximum extent feasible," as used in this section, applies to the occasional case where the nature of an existing facility makes it virtually impossible to comply fully with applicable accessibility standards through a planned alteration.  In these circumstances, the alteration shall provide the maximum physical accessibility feasible.  Any altered features of the facility that can be made accessible shall be made accessible.  If providing accessibility in conformance with this section to individuals with certain disabilities (e.g., those who use wheelchairs) would not be feasible, the facility shall be made accessible to persons with other types of disabilities (e.g., those who use crutches, those who have impaired vision or hearing, or those who have other impairments).

 

 

Mezzanine. An intermediate level or levels between the floor and ceiling of any story with an aggregate floor area of not more than one-third of the area of the room or space in which the level or levels are located. Mezzanines have sufficient elevation that space for human occupancy can be provided on the floor below.

 

Mezzanine or Mezzanine Floor. That portion of a story which is an intermediate floor level placed within the story and having occupiable space above and below its floor.

 

(ii) Mezzanine or Mezzanine Floor. That portion of a story which is an intermediate floor level placed within the story and having occupiable space above and below its floor.

The 2010 Standards specify an elevation that can provide space for human occupancy below; the 1994 Standards and Georgia Accessibility Code further specify that space must be occupiable. 

 

Multifamily Dwelling. Any building containing more than two dwelling units.

 

(kk) Multifamily Dwelling. Any building containing more than two dwelling units.

This term is defined but never used in the 1994 Standards.

 

Occupiable. A room or enclosed space designed for human occupancy in which individuals congregate for amusement, educational or similar purposes, or in which occupants are engaged at labor, and which is equipped with means of egress, light, and ventilation.

 

(ll) Occupiable. A room or enclosed space designed for human occupancy in which individuals congregate for amusement, educational or similar purposes, or in which occupants are engaged at labor, and which is equipped with means of egress, light, and ventilation.

 

Occupant Load. The number of persons for which the means of egress of a building or portion of a building is designed.

 

 

 

 

Operable Part. A component of an element used to insert or withdraw objects, or to activate, deactivate, or adjust the element.

 

Operable Part. A part of a piece of equipment or appliance used to insert or withdraw objects, or to activate, deactivate, or adjust the equipment or appliance (for example, coin slot, pushbutton, handle).

(mm) Operable Part. A part of a piece of equipment or appliance used to insert or withdraw objects, or to activate, deactivate, or adjust the equipment or appliance (for example, coin slot, push button, handle).

 

 

 

Path of Travel. (Reserved).

 

(oo) Path of Travel. Is a continuous, unobstructed route by which the primary function area can be approached, entered, and exited, and which connects the area with the entrance to the facility and other parts of the facility.

 

 

Pictogram. A pictorial symbol that represents activities, facilities, or concepts.

 

 

 

 

 

Place of Public Accommodation.  (28 C.F.R. § 36.104).  Place of public accommodation means a facility, operated by a private entity, whose operations affect commerce and fall within at least one of the following categories --

  (1) An inn, hotel, motel, or other place of lodging, except for an establishment located within a building that contains not more than five rooms for rent or hire and that is actually occupied by the proprietor of the establishment as the residence of the proprietor;

  (2) A restaurant, bar, or other establishment serving food or drink;

  (3) A motion picture house, theater, concert hall, stadium, or other place of exhibition or entertainment;

  (4) An auditorium, convention center, lecture hall, or other place of public gathering;

  (5) A bakery, grocery store, clothing store, hardware store, shopping center, or other sales or rental establishment;

  (6) A laundromat, dry-cleaner, bank, barber shop, beauty shop, travel service, shoe repair service, funeral parlor, gas station, office of an accountant or lawyer, pharmacy, insurance office, professional office of a health care provider, hospital, or other service establishment;

  (7) A terminal, depot, or other station used for specified public transportation;

  (8) A museum, library, gallery, or other place of public display or collection;

  (9) A park, zoo, amusement park, or other place of recreation;

  (10) A nursery, elementary, secondary, undergraduate, or postgraduate private school, or other place of education;

  (11) A day care center, senior citizen center, homeless shelter, food bank, adoption agency, or other social service center establishment; and

  (12) A gymnasium, health spa, bowling alley, golf course, or other place of exercise or recreation.

 

 

Play Area. A portion of a site containing play components designed and constructed for children.

 

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Play Component. An element intended to generate specific opportunities for play, socialization, or learning. Play components are manufactured or natural; and are stand-alone or part of a composite play structure.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

 

Power-assisted Door. A door used for human passage with a mechanism that helps to open the door, or relieves the opening resistance of a door, upon the activation of a switch or a continued force applied to the door itself.

 

(pp) Power-assisted Door. A door used for human passage with a mechanism that helps to open the door, or relieves the opening resistance of a door, upon the activation of a switch or a continued force applied to the door itself.

 

 

Primary Function.  (28 C.F.R. § 36.403(b)).  A "primary function" is a major activity for which the facility is intended.  Areas that contain a primary function include, but are not limited to, offices and other work areas in which the activities of the public accommodation or other private entity using the facility are carried out.  Mechanical rooms, boiler rooms, supply storage rooms, employee lounges or locker rooms, janitorial closets, entrances, corridors, and restrooms are not areas containing a primary function.

 

 

Private Building or Facility. A place of public accommodation or a commercial building or facility subject to title III of the ADA and 28 CFR part 36 or a transportation building or facility subject to title III of the ADA and 49 CFR 37.45.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

The 2010 Standards provide this definition to clarify scoping requirements that are different for Title II and Title III entities.

 

Professional Office of a Health Care Provider.  (28 C.F.R. § 36.401(d)(i)).  A location where a person or entity, regulated by a State to provide professional services related to the physical or mental health of an individual, makes such services available to the public.  The facility housing the "professional office of a health care provider" only includes floor levels housing at least one health care provider, or any floor level designed or intended for use by at least one health care provider.

 

Public Building or Facility. A building or facility or portion of a building or facility designed, constructed, or altered by, on behalf of, or for the use of a public entity subject to title II of the ADA and 28 CFR part 35 or to title II of the ADA and 49 CFR 37.41 or 37.43.

 

See Appendix 3.5

(qq) Public Buildings means all buildings, structures, streets, sidewalks, walkways, and access thereto, which are used by the public or in which persons with disabilities or elderly persons may be employed, that are constructed or renovated by the use of private funds, including rental apartment complexes of twenty or more units or more and temporary lodging facilities of 20 units or more, but excluding covered multifamily dwellings; provided, however, that this chapter shall require fully accessible adaptable units in only 2 percent of the total rental apartments, or a minimum of one, whichever is greater, and this chapter shall apply to only 5 percent of the total temporary lodging units, or a minimum of one, whichever is greater; provided, further that this chapter shall not apply to a private single-family residence or to duplexes or any complex containing less than 20 units, or residential condominiums. Fifty percent of the fully accessible or adaptable rental apartment units required by this paragraph shall be adaptable for a roll in shower stall.

 

Public Entrance. An entrance that is not a service entrance or a restricted entrance.

 

 

 

 

Public Use. Interior or exterior rooms, spaces, or elements that are made available to the public. Public use may be provided at a building or facility that is privately or publicly owned.

 

Public Use. Describes interior or exterior rooms or spaces that are made available to the general public. Public use may be provided at a building or facility that is privately or publicly owned.

 

(rr) Public Use. Describes interior or exterior rooms or spaces that are made available to the general public. Public use may be provided at a building or facility that is privately or publicly owned.

 

Public Way. Any street, alley or other parcel of land open to the outside air leading to a public street, which has been deeded, dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated to the public for public use and which has a clear width and height of not less than 10 feet (3050 mm).

 

 

 

 

Qualified Historic Building or Facility. A building or facility that is listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places, or designated as historic under an appropriate State or local law.

 

4.1.7(1)(b) Definition. A qualified historic building or facility is a building or facility that is:

(i) Listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places; or

(ii) Designated as historic under an appropriate State or local law.

 

(b) A qualified historic building or facility is a building or facility that is:

(i) Listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places; or

(ii) Designated as historic under an appropriate State or local law.

 

Ramp. A walking surface that has a running slope steeper than 1:20.

 

Ramp. A walking surface which has a running slope greater than 1:20.

 

(ss) Ramp. A walking surface which has a running slope greater than 1:20.

 

 

 

(tt) Reasonable Number for all government buildings, public buildings, and facilities receiving permits for construction or renovation after July 1, 1995, as used in Code Section 30-3-4, shall meet the number as established by ADAAG.

 

 

 

 

(uu) Renovation means:

(a) if any specific component of an elevator is replaced or moved from its existing location to a different location, then the specific component shall be required to meet the ANSI A117.1 standard, as specified in this Code Section, as it applies to that specific component, including an accessible route as defined in the ANSI A117.1 Standard;

 

(b) Any component of a building, structure, or facility, which is replaced, except for the purpose of repair, or moved, shall be required to meet the ANSI A117.1 Standard as specified in this Code Section, including an accessible route as defined in the ANSI A117.1 Standard; or

 

(c) The resurfacing, rest ripping, or repainting of any parking facility, whether or not such resurfacing, rest ripping, repainting is required to have a permit from the appropriate political subdivision.

 

 

Residential Dwelling Unit. A unit intended to be used as a residence, that is primarily long-term in nature. Residential dwelling units do not include transient lodging, inpatient medical care, licensed long-term care, and detention or correctional facilities.

 

 

 

 

Restricted Entrance. An entrance that is made available for common use on a controlled basis but not public use and that is not a service entrance.

 

 

 

 

Running Slope. The slope that is parallel to the direction of travel (see cross slope).

 

Running Slope. The slope that is parallel to the direction of travel (see cross slope).

 

(vv) Running Slope. The slope that is parallel to the direction of travel (see cross slope).

 

Self-Service Storage. Building or facility designed and used for the purpose of renting or leasing individual storage spaces to customers for the purpose of storing and removing personal property on a self-service basis.

 

 

 

 

Service Entrance. An entrance intended primarily for delivery of goods or services.

 

Service Entrance. An entrance intended primarily for delivery of goods or services.

(rr) Service Entrance. An entrance intended primarily for delivery of goods or services.

 

 

Signage. Displayed verbal, symbolic, tactile, and pictorial information.

 

(ss) Signage. Displayed verbal, symbolic, tactile, and pictorial information.

 

Site. A parcel of land bounded by a property line or a designated portion of a public right-of-way.

 

Site. A parcel of land bounded by a property line or a designated portion of a public right-of-way.

(tt) Site. A parcel of land bounded by a property line or a designated portion of a public right-of-way.

 

 

Site Improvement. Landscaping, paving for pedestrian and vehicular ways, outdoor lighting, recreational facilities, and the like, added to a site.

 

(uu) Site Improvement. Landscaping, paving for pedestrian and vehicular ways, outdoor lighting, recreational facilities, and the like, added to a site.

The 1994 Standards use this term only in the definition of “facility”, and not in the requirements themselves.

 

Sleeping Accommodations. Rooms in which people sleep; for example, dormitory and hotel or motel guest rooms or suites.

 

(vv) Sleeping Accommodations. Rooms in which people sleep; for example, dormitory and hotel or motel guest rooms or suites.

 

Soft Contained Play Structure. A play structure made up of one or more play components where the user enters a fully enclosed play environment that utilizes pliable materials, such as plastic, netting, or fabric.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Space. A definable area, such as a room, toilet room, hall, assembly area, entrance, storage room, alcove, courtyard, or lobby.

 

Space. A definable area, e.g., room, toilet room, hall, assembly area, entrance, storage room, alcove, courtyard, or lobby.

 

(ww) Space. A definable area, e.g., room, toilet room, hall, assembly area, entrance, storage room, alcove, courtyard, or lobby.

 

 

Specified Public Transportation.  (28 C.F.R. § 36.104).  Transportation by bus, rail, or any other conveyance (other than by aircraft) that provides the general public with general or special service (including charter service) on a regular and continuing basis.

 

 

Story. That portion of a building or facility designed for human occupancy included between the upper surface of a floor and upper surface of the floor or roof next above. A story containing one or more mezzanines has more than one floor level.

 

Story. That portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and upper surface of the floor or roof next above. If such portion of a building does not include occupiable space, it is not considered a story for purposes of these guidelines. There may be more than one floor level within a story as in the case of a mezzanine or mezzanines.

 

(xx) Story. That portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and upper surface of the floor or roof next above. If such portion of a building does not include occupiable space, it is not considered a story for purposes of these regulations. There may be more than one floor level within a story as in the case of a mezzanine or mezzanines.

 

Structural Frame. The columns and the girders, beams, and trusses having direct connections to the columns and all other members that are essential to the stability of the building or facility as a whole.

 

Structural Frame. The structural frame shall be considered to be the columns and the girders, beams, trusses and spandrels having direct connections to the columns and all other members which are essential to the stability of the building as a whole.

 

(yy) Structural Frame. The structural frame shall be considered to be the columns and the girders, beams, trusses and spandrels having direct connections to the columns and all other members which are essential to the stability of the building as a whole.

 

 

 

(zz) Structural impracticability means only in those rare circumstances when the unique characteristics of terrain prevent the incorporation of accessibility features.  Changes having little likelihood of being accomplished without removing or altering a load-bearing structural member and/or incurring an increase cost of 50 percent or more of the value of the element of the building or facility involved.

 

 

Tactile. An object that can be perceived using the sense of touch.

 

Tactile. Describes an object that can be perceived using the sense of touch.

 

(aaa)Tactile. Describes an object that can be perceived using the sense of touch.

 

 

 

(bbb)Tactile Warning. A standardized surface texture applied to or built into walking surfaces or other elements to warn visually impaired people of hazards in the path of travel.

 

 

Technically Infeasible. With respect to an alteration of a building or a facility, something that has little likelihood of being accomplished because existing structural conditions would require removing or altering a load-bearing

member that is an essential part of the structural frame; or because other existing physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of elements, spaces, or features that are in full and strict compliance with the minimum requirements.

 

4.1.6(1)(j) Technically Infeasible. Means, with respect to an alteration of a building or a facility, that it has little likelihood of being accomplished because existing structural conditions would require removing or altering a load-bearing member which is an essential part of the structural frame; or because other existing physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of elements, spaces, or features which are in full and strict compliance with the minimum requirements for new construction and which are necessary to provide accessibility.

 

See also Appendix 3.5

 

(ccc ) Technically Infeasible. Means, with respect to an alteration of a building or facility, that it has little likelihood of being accomplished because of existing structural conditions would require removing or altering a load bearing member which is an essential part of the structural frame; or because other existing physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of elements, spaces, or features which are in full and strict compliance with the minimum requirements for new construction and which are necessary to provide accessibility.

 

Teeing Ground. In golf, the starting place for the hole to be played.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Transfer Device. Equipment designed to facilitate the transfer of a person from a wheelchair or other mobility aid to and from an amusement ride seat.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Transient Lodging. A building or facility containing one or more guest room(s) for sleeping that provides accommodations that are primarily short-term in nature. Transient lodging does not include residential dwelling units intended to be used as a residence, inpatient medical care facilities, licensed long-term care facilities, detention or correctional facilities, or private buildings or facilities that contain not more than five rooms for rent or hire and that are actually occupied by the proprietor as the residence of such proprietor.

 

Transient Lodging. A building, facility, or portion thereof, excluding inpatient medical care facilities, that contains one or more dwelling units or sleeping accommodations. Transient lodging may include, but is not limited to, resorts, group homes, hotels, motels, and dormitories.

 

9.1.1 EXCEPTION: Sections 9.1 through 9.4 do not apply to an establishment located within a building that contains not more than five rooms for rent or hire and that is actually occupied by the proprietor of such establishment as the residence of such proprietor.

 

 

(eee) Transient Lodging. A building, facility, or portion thereof, excluding inpatient medical care facilities, that contains one or more dwelling units or sleeping accommodations. Transient lodging may include, but is not limited to, resorts, group homes, hotels, motels, and dormitories.

 

Transition Plate. A sloping pedestrian walking surface located at the end(s) of a gangway.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

TTY. An abbreviation for teletypewriter. Machinery that employs interactive text-based communication through the transmission of coded signals across the telephone network. TTYs may include, for example, devices known as TDDs (telecommunication display devices or telecommunication devices for deaf persons) or computers with special modems. TTYs are also called text telephones.

 

Text Telephone. Machinery or equipment that employs interactive graphic (i.e., typed) communications through the transmission of coded signals across the standard telephone network. Text telephones can include, for example, devices known as TDDs (telecommunication display devices or telecommunication devices for deaf persons) or computers.

 

See also Appendix 3.5

 

(ddd) Text Telephone. Machinery or equipment that employs interactive graphic (i.e., typed) communications through the transmission of coded signals across the standard telephone network. Text telephones can include, for example, devices known as TDD's (telecommunication display devices or telecommunication devices for deaf persons) or computers.

 

Use Zone. The ground level area beneath and immediately adjacent to a play structure or play equipment that is designated by ASTM F 1487 (incorporated by reference, see "Referenced Standards" in Chapter 1) for unrestricted circulation around the play equipment and where it is predicted that a user would land when falling from or exiting the play equipment.

 

See Appendix 3.5

 

 

Vehicular Way. A route provided for vehicular traffic, such as in a street, driveway, or parking facility.

 

Vehicular Way. A route intended for vehicular traffic, such as a street, driveway, or parking lot.

(fff) Vehicular Way. A route intended for vehicular traffic, such as a street, driveway, or parking lot.

 

Walk. An exterior prepared surface for pedestrian use, including pedestrian areas such as plazas and courts.

 

Walk. An exterior pathway with a prepared surface intended for pedestrian use, including general pedestrian areas such as plazas and courts.

 

(ggg) Walk. An exterior pathway with a prepared surface intended for pedestrian use, including general pedestrian areas such as plazas and courts.

 

Wheelchair Space. Space for a single wheelchair and its occupant.

 

 

 

 

Work Area Equipment. Any machine, instrument, engine, motor, pump, conveyor, or other apparatus used to perform work. As used in this document, this term shall apply only to equipment that is permanently installed or built-in in employee work areas. Work area equipment does not include passenger elevators and other accessible means of vertical transportation.[7]

 

 

 

 

201 Application

4. ACCESSIBLE ELEMENTS AND SPACES: SCOPE AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS.

 

 

 

4.1 Minimum Requirements

 

201.1 Scope. All areas of newly designed and newly constructed buildings and facilities and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities shall comply with these requirements.

 

4.1.1 Application.

 

(1) General. All areas of newly designed or newly constructed buildings and facilities required to be accessible by 4.1.2 and 4.1.3 and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities required to be accessible by 4.1.6 shall comply with these guidelines, 4.1 through 4.35, unless otherwise provided in this section or as modified in a special application section.

 

120-3-20-.03 APPLICATION.

(1) General. All areas of newly designed or newly constructed buildings and facilities required to be accessible by Rules 120-3-20-.07 and 120-3-20-.08 and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities required to be accessible by Rule 120-3-20-.11 shall comply with these Regulations, Rules 120-3-20-.03 through 120-3-20-.46, unless otherwise provided in this section or as modified in a special application section.

 

201.2 Application Based on Building or Facility Use. Where a site, building, facility, room, or space contains more than one use, each portion shall comply with the applicable requirements for that use.

 

4.1.1(2) Application Based on Building Use. Special application sections 5 through 10 provide additional requirements for restaurants and cafeterias, medical care facilities, business and mercantile, libraries, accessible transient lodging, and transportation facilities. When a building or facility contains more than one use covered by a special application section, each portion shall comply with the requirements for that use.

 

(2) Application Based on Building Use. Special application rules 120-3-20-.47 thru 120-3-20-.53 provide additional requirements for restaurants and cafeterias, medical care facilities, business and mercantile, libraries, accessible transient lodging, transportation facilities and designing for Children. When a building or facility contains more than one use covered by a special application section, each portion shall comply with the requirements for that use.

 

201.3 Temporary and Permanent Structures. These requirements shall apply to temporary and permanent buildings and facilities.

 

4.1.1(4) Temporary Structures. These guidelines cover temporary buildings or facilities as well as permanent facilities. Temporary buildings and facilities are not of permanent construction but are extensively used or are essential for public use for a period of time. Examples of temporary buildings or facilities covered by these guidelines include, but are not limited to: reviewing stands, temporary classrooms, bleacher areas, exhibit areas, temporary banking facilities, temporary health screening services, or temporary safe pedestrian passageways around a construction site. Structures, sites and equipment directly associated with the actual processes of construction, such as scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, or construction trailers are not included.

 

(4) Temporary Structures. These regulations cover temporary buildings or facilities as well as permanent facilities. Temporary buildings and facilities are not of permanent construction but are extensively used or are essential for public use for a period of time. Examples of temporary buildings or facilities covered by these regulations include, but are not limited to: reviewing stands, temporary classrooms, bleacher areas, exhibit areas, temporary banking facilities, temporary health screening services, or temporary safe pedestrian passageways around a construction site. Structures, sites and equipment directly associated with the actual processes of construction, such as scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, or construction trailers are not included.

This section of the 1994 Standards includes examples and explanatory material, as does much of that document.  This type of information was not included in the text of the 2010 Standards but can be found in Advisory 201.3 for Temporary and Permanent Structures.

202 Existing Buildings and Facilities

 

4.1.6 Accessible Buildings: Alterations.

 

 

120-3-20-.11 Accessible Buildings: Alterations.

(1) General. Alterations to existing buildings and facilities shall comply with the following:

 

202.1 General. Additions and alterations to existing buildings or facilities shall comply with 202.

 

4.1.6 (1) General. Alterations to existing buildings and facilities shall comply with the following:

 

 

 

202.2 Additions. Each addition to an existing building or facility shall comply with the requirements for new construction. Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall comply with 202.4.

 

4.1.5 Accessible Buildings: Additions. Each addition to an existing building or facility shall be regarded as an alteration. Each space or element added to the existing building or facility shall comply with the applicable provisions of 4.1.1 to 4.1.3, Minimum Requirements (for New Construction) and the applicable technical specifications of section 4 and the special application sections. Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of an area containing a primary function shall comply with 4.1.6(2).

 

120-3-20-.10 Accessible Buildings: Additions.

Each addition to an existing building or facility shall be regarded as an alteration.  Each space or element added to the existing building or facility shall comply with the applicable provisions of 120-3-20-.07 to 120-3-20-.08, Minimum Requirements (for New Construction) and the applicable technical specifications of 120-3-20-.13 through 120-3-20-.46 and 120-3-20-.47 through 120-3-20-.53. Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of an area containing a primary function shall comply with 120-3-20-.011.

 

 

202.3 Alterations. Where existing elements or spaces are altered, each altered element or space shall comply with the applicable requirements of Chapter 2.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Unless required by 202.4, where elements or spaces are altered and the circulation path to the altered element or space is not altered, an accessible route shall not be required.

2. In alterations, where compliance with applicable requirements is technically infeasible, the alteration shall comply with the requirements to the maximum extent feasible.

3. Residential dwelling units not required to be accessible in compliance with a standard issued pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, shall not be required to comply with 202.3.

 

4.1.6(1)(b) If existing elements, spaces, or common areas are altered, then each such altered element, space, feature, or area shall comply with the applicable provisions of 4.1.1 to 4.1.3 Minimum Requirements (for New Construction). If the applicable provision for new construction requires that an element, space, or common area be on an accessible route, the altered element, space, or common area is not required to be on an accessible route except as provided in 4.1.6(2) (Alterations to an Area Containing a Primary Function.)

 

120-3-20-.11 (b) If existing elements, spaces, or common areas are altered, then each such altered element, space, feature, or area shall comply with the applicable provisions of 120-3-20-.03 to 120-3-20-.08 Minimum Requirements (for New Construction). If the applicable provision for new construction requires that an element, space, or common area be on an accessible route, the altered element, space, or common area is not required to be on an accessible route except as provided in 120-3-20-.011 (2) (Alterations to an Area Containing a Primary Function.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note that the 2010 Standards incorporate the IBC accessible means of egress requirements by reference.  Those Chapter 10 requirements include an exception for existing buildings and facilities (as replicated in 2006 IBC 3409.6, exception 2).

4.1.6(1)(j) EXCEPTION: In alteration work, if compliance with 4.1.6 is technically infeasible, the alteration shall provide accessibility to the maximum extent feasible. Any elements or features of the building or facility that are being altered and can be made accessible shall be made accessible within the scope of the alteration.

 

(j) EXCEPTION: In alteration work, if compliance with 120-3-20-.11 is technically infeasible, the alteration shall provide accessibility to the maximum extent feasible. Any elements or features of the building or facility that are being altered and can be made accessible shall be made accessible within the scope of the alteration.

 

4.1.6(1)(c) If alterations of single elements, when considered together, amount to an alteration of a room or space in a building or facility, the entire space shall be made accessible.

 

120-3-20-.11 (c)If alterations of single elements, when considered together, amount to an alteration of a room or space in a building or facility, the entire space shall be made accessible.

The 1994 Standard provision was not included in the 2010 Standards.

202.3.1 Prohibited Reduction in Access. An alteration that decreases or has the effect of decreasing the accessibility of a building or facility below the requirements for new construction at the time of the alteration is prohibited.

 

4.1.6(1)(a) No alteration shall be undertaken which decreases or has the effect of decreasing accessibility or usability of a building or facility below the requirements for new construction at the time of alteration.

120-3-20-.11 (a) No alteration shall be undertaken which decreases or has the effect of decreasing accessibility or usability of a building or facility below the requirements for new construction at the time of alteration.

 

202.3.2 Extent of Application. An alteration of an existing element, space, or area of a building or facility shall not impose a requirement for accessibility greater than required for new construction.

 

4.1.6(1)(d) No alteration of an existing element, space, or area of a building or facility shall impose a requirement for greater accessibility than that which would be required for new construction. For example, if the elevators and stairs in a building are being altered and the elevators are, in turn, being made accessible, then no accessibility modifications are required to the stairs connecting levels connected by the elevator. If stair modifications to correct unsafe conditions are required by other codes, the modifications shall be done in compliance with these guidelines unless technically infeasible.

 

120-3-20-.11 (d)No alteration of an existing element, space, or area of a building or facility shall impose a requirement for greater accessibility than that which would be required for new construction. For example, if the elevators and stairs in a building are being altered and the elevators are, in turn, being made accessible, then no accessibility modifications are required to the stairs connecting levels connected by the elevator. If stair modifications to correct unsafe conditions are required by other codes, the modifications shall be done in compliance with these regulations unless technically infeasible.

 

202.4 Alterations Affecting Primary Function Areas. In addition to the requirements of 202.3, an alteration that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent feasible, the path of travel to the altered area, including the rest rooms, telephones, and drinking fountains serving the altered area, are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, unless such alterations are disproportionate to the overall alterations in terms of cost and scope as determined under criteria established by the Attorney General. In existing transportation facilities, an area of primary function shall be as defined under regulations published by the Secretary of the Department of Transportation or the Attorney General.

EXCEPTION: Residential dwelling units shall not be required to comply with 202.4.

 

4.1.6(2) Alterations to an Area Containing a Primary Function: In addition to the requirements of 4.1.6(1), an alteration that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent feasible, the path of travel to the altered area and the restrooms, telephones, and drinking fountains serving the altered area, are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, unless such alterations are disproportionate to the overall alterations in terms of cost and scope (as determined under criteria established by the Attorney General).

 

120-3-20-.11 (2) Alterations to an Area Containing a Primary Function: In addition to the requirements of 120-3-20-.11(1), an alteration that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent feasible, the path of travel to the altered area and the rest rooms, telephones, and drinking fountains serving the altered area, are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, unless such alterations are disproportionate to the overall alterations in terms of cost and scope (as determined under criteria established by the U.S. Attorney General).

 

The Attorney General (Department of Justice) specifies that “. . . alterations made to provide an accessible path of travel to the altered area will be deemed disproportionate to the overall alterations when the cost exceeds 20% of the cost of the alteration to the primary function area.” [28 CFR Part 35, §35.151(b)(4)(iii) for Title II entities and 28 CFR Part 36, §36.403(f) for Title III entities]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.1.6(1)(i) If the alteration work is limited solely to the electrical, mechanical, or plumbing system, or to hazardous material abatement, or automatic sprinkler retrofitting, and does not involve the alteration of any elements or spaces required to be accessible under these guidelines, then 4.1.6(2) does not apply.

 

120-3-20-.11 (i) If the alteration work is limited solely to the electrical, mechanical, or plumbing system, or to hazardous material abatement, or automatic sprinkler retro-fitting, and does not involve the alteration of any elements or spaces required to be accessible under these regulations, then 120-3-20-.11(2) does not apply.

 

 

4.1.6(1)(e) At least one interior public text telephone complying with 4.31.9 shall be provided if:

 

(i) alterations to existing buildings or facilities with less than four exterior or interior public pay telephones would increase the total number to four or more telephones with at least one in an interior location; or

 

(ii) alterations to one or more exterior or interior public pay telephones occur in an existing building or facility with four or more public telephones with at least one in an interior location.

 

120-3-20-.11 (e)At least one interior public text telephone complying with 120-3-20-.42 shall be provided if:

(i) alterations to existing buildings or facilities with less than four exterior or interior public pay telephones would increase the total number to four or more telephones with at least one in an interior location; or

(ii) Alterations to one or more exterior or interior public pay telephones occur in an existing building or facility with four or more public telephones with at least one in an interior location.

 

 

4.1.6 (3) Special Technical Provisions for Alterations to Existing Buildings and Facilities:

  (a) Ramps: Curb ramps and interior or exterior ramps to be constructed on sites or in existing buildings or facilities where space limitations prohibit the use of a 1:12 slope or less may have slopes and rises as follows:

    (i) A slope between 1:10 and 1:12 is allowed for a maximum rise of 6 inches.

    (ii) A slope between 1:8 and 1:10 is allowed for a maximum rise of 3 inches.  A slope steeper than 1:8 is not allowed.

120-3-20-.11 (3) Special Technical Provisions for Alterations to Existing Buildings and Facilities:

(a) Ramps: Curb ramps and interior or exterior ramps to be constructed on sites or in existing buildings or facilities where space limitations prohibit the use of a 1:12 slope or less may have slopes and rises as follows:

(i) A slope between 1:10 and 1:12 is allowed for a maximum rise of 6 inches.

 

(ii)A slope between 1:8 and 1:10 is allowed for a maximum rise of 3 inches. A slope steeper than 1:8 is not allowed

 

 

 

4.1.6 (3) (b) Stairs: Full extension of handrails at stairs shall not be required in alterations where such extensions would be hazardous or impossible due to plan configuration.

120-3-20-.11 (b) Stairs: Full extension of handrails at stairs shall not be required in alterations where such extensions would be hazardous or impossible due to plan configuration.

 

 

 

4.1.6 (3) (c) Elevators:

  (i) If safety door edges are provided in existing automatic elevators, automatic door reopening devices may be omitted (see 4.10.6).

  (ii) Where existing shaft configuration or technical infeasibility prohibits strict compliance with 4.10.9, the minimum car plan dimensions may be reduced by the minimum amount necessary, but in no case shall the inside car area be smaller than 48 in by 48 in.

  (iii) Equivalent facilitation may be provided with an elevator car of different dimensions when usability can be demonstrated and when all other elements required to be accessible comply with the applicable provisions of 4.10.  For example, an elevator of 47 in by 69 in (1195 mm by 1755 mm) with a door opening on the narrow dimension, could accommodate the standard wheelchair clearances shown in Figure 4.

120-3-20-.11 (c) Elevators:

(i) If safety door edges are provided in existing automatic elevators, automatic door reopening devices may be omitted (see 120-3-20-.21).

 

(ii) Where existing shaft configuration or technical in feasibility prohibits strict compliance with 120-3-20-.21(9), the minimum car plan dimensions may be reduced by the minimum amount necessary, but in no case shall the inside car area be smaller than 48 inches by 48 inches.

 

(iii) Equivalent facilitation may be provided with an elevator car of different dimensions when usability can be demonstrated and when all other elements required to be accessible comply with the applicable provisions of 120-3-20-.21. For example, an elevator of 47 inches by 69 inches (1195 mm by 1755 mm) with a door opening on the narrow dimension, could accommodate the standard wheelchair clearances shown in Figure 4.

 

 

 

4.1.6 (3) (d) Doors:

  (i) Where it is technically infeasible to comply with clear opening width requirements of 4.13.5, a projection of 5/8 in maximum will be permitted for the latch side stop.

  (ii) If existing thresholds are 3/4 in high or less, and have (or are modified to have) a beveled edge on each side, they may remain.

120-3-20-.11 (d) Doors:

(i) Where it is technically infeasible to comply with clear opening width requirements of 120-3-20-.24(5), a projection of 5/8 inch maximum will be permitted for the latch side stop.

 

(ii) If existing thresholds are 3/4 inch high or less, and have (or are modified to have) a beveled edge on each side, they may remain.

 

 

 

4.1.6 (3) (f) Assembly Areas:

  (i) Where it is technically infeasible to disperse accessible seating throughout an altered assembly area, accessible seating areas may be clustered.  Each accessible seating area shall have provisions for companion seating and shall be located on an accessible route that also serves as a means of emergency egress.

 

120-3-20-.11 (f) Assembly Areas:

(i) Where it is technically infeasible to disperse accessible seating throughout an altered assembly area, accessible seating areas may be clustered. Each accessible seating area shall have provisions for companion seating and shall be located on an accessible route that also serves as a means of emergency egress.

 

 

202.5 Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and Facilities. Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility shall comply with 202.3 and 202.4.

EXCEPTION: Where the State Historic Preservation Officer or Advisory Council on Historic Preservation determines that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes, entrances, or toilet facilities would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, the exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities for that element shall be permitted to apply.

 

4.1.7 Accessible Buildings: Historic Preservation.

(1) Applicability:

(a) General Rule. Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility shall comply with 4.1.6  (Accessible Buildings: Alterations), the applicable technical specifications of section 4 and the applicable special application sections unless it is determined in accordance with the procedures in 4.1.7(2) that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances, or toilets would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility in which case the alternative requirements in 4.1.7(3) may be used for the feature.  

EXCEPTION: (Reserved).

 

120-3-20-.12 Accessible Buildings: Historic Preservation.

(1) Applicability:

(a) General Rule. Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility shall comply with 120-3-20-.11 Accessible Buildings: Alterations, the applicable technical specifications of 120-3-20-.13 through 120-3-20-.46 and the applicable special application Rules 120-3-20-.47 through 120-3-20-.52 unless it is determined in accordance with the procedures in 120-3-20-.12(2) that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances, or toilets would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility in which case the alternative requirements in 120-3-20-.12(3) may be used for the feature.

 

EXCEPTION: (Reserved).

 

 

 

4.1.7(2) Procedures:

 

(a) Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and Facilities Subject to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act:

(i) Section 106 Process. Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 f) requires that a Federal agency with jurisdiction over a Federal, federally assisted, or federally licensed undertaking consider the effects of the agency's undertaking on buildings and facilities listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places and give the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation a reasonable opportunity to comment on the undertaking prior to approval of the undertaking.

(ii) ADA Application. Where alterations are undertaken to a qualified historic building or facility that is subject to section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, the Federal agency with jurisdiction over the undertaking shall follow the section 106 process. If the State Historic Preservation Officer or Advisory Council on Historic Preservation agrees that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances, or toilets would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, the alternative requirements in 4.1.7(3) may be used for the feature.

 

(b) Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and Facilities Not Subject to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Where alterations are undertaken to a qualified historic building or facility that is not subject to section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, if the entity undertaking the alterations believes that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances, or toilets would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility and that the alternative requirements in 4.1.7(3) should be used for the feature, the entity should consult with the State Historic Preservation Officer. If the State Historic Preservation Officer agrees that compliance with the accessibility requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances or toilets would threaten or destroy the historical significance of the building or facility, the alternative requirements in 4.1.7(3) may be used.

 

(c) Consultation With Interested Persons. Interested persons should be invited to participate in the consultation process, including State or local accessibility officials, individuals with disabilities, and organizations representing individuals with disabilities.

 

(d) Certified Local Government Historic Preservation Programs. Where the State Historic Preservation Officer has delegated the consultation responsibility for purposes of this section to a local government historic preservation program that has been certified in accordance with section 101(c) of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 470a (c)) and implementing regulations (36 C.F.R. 61.5), the responsibility may be carried out by the appropriate local government body or official.

 

120-3-20-.12 (2) Procedures:

(a) Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and Facilities Subject to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act:

 

(i) Section 106 Process. Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 f) requires that a Federal agency with jurisdiction over a Federal, federally assisted, or federally licensed undertaking consider the effects of the agency's undertaking on buildings and facilities listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places and give the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation a reasonable opportunity to comment on the undertaking prior to approval of the undertaking.

 

(ii) ADA Application. Where alterations are undertaken to a qualified historic building or facility that is subject to section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, the Federal agency with jurisdiction over the undertaking shall follow the section 106 process. If the State Historic Preservation Officer or Advisory Council on Historic Preservation agrees that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances, or toilets would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, the alternative requirements in 120-3-20-.12(3) may be used for the feature.

(b) Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and Facilities Not Subject to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Where alterations are undertaken to a qualified historic building or facility that is not subject to section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, if the entity undertaking the alterations believes that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances, or toilets would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility and that the alternative requirements in 120-3-20-.12(3) should be used for the feature, the entity should consult with the State Historic Preservation Officer. If the State Historic Preservation Officer agrees that compliance with the accessibility requirements for accessible routes (exterior and interior), ramps, entrances or toilets would threaten or destroy the historical significance of the building or facility, the alternative requirements in 120-3-20-.12(3) may be used.

(c) Consultation With Interested Persons. Interested persons should be invited to participate in the consultation process, including State or local accessibility officials, individuals with disabilities, and organizations representing individuals with disabilities.

(d) Certified Local Government Historic Preservation Programs. Where the State Historic Preservation Officer has delegated the consultation responsibility for purposes of this section to a local government historic preservation program that has been certified in accordance with section 101(c) of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 470a (c)) and implementing regulations (36 CFR 61.5), the responsibility may be carried out by the appropriate local government body or official.

The procedural requirements in the 1994 Standards were deemed inappropriate for a building code and thus were not included in the 2010 Standards. Similar regulations may be adopted by a State Historic Preservation Office or similar local entity.

 

4.1.7(3) Historic Preservation: Minimum Requirements

 

120-3-20-.12 (3) Historic Preservation: Minimum Requirements:

 

 

 

4.1.7(3)(a) At least one accessible route complying with 4.3 from a site access point to an accessible entrance shall be provided.

 

EXCEPTION: A ramp with a slope no greater than 1:6 for a run not to exceed 2 ft (610 mm) may be used as part of an accessible route to an entrance.

 

 (a) At least one accessible route complying with 4.3 from a site access point to an accessible entrance shall be provided.

 

EXCEPTION: A ramp with a slope no greater than 1:6 for a run not to exceed 2 ft (610 mm) may be used as part of an accessible route to an entrance.

 

 

4.1.7(3)(e) Displays and written information, documents, etc., should be located where they can be seen by a seated person. Exhibits and signage displayed horizontally (e.g., open books), should be no higher than 44 in (1120 mm) above the floor surface.

 

(e) Displays and written information, documents, etc., should be located where they can be seen by a seated person. Exhibits and signage displayed horizontally (e.g., open books), should be no higher than 44 inches (1120 mm) above the floor surface.

 

203 General Exceptions

 

4.1.1(5) General Exceptions.

 

120-3-20-.03 (5) General Exceptions.

 

 

 

4.1.1(5)(a) In new construction, a person or entity is not required to meet fully the requirements of these guidelines where that person or entity can demonstrate that it is structurally impracticable to do so. Full compliance will be considered structurally impracticable only in those rare circumstances when the unique characteristics of terrain prevent the incorporation of accessibility features. If full compliance with the requirements of these guidelines is structurally impracticable, a person or entity shall comply with the requirements to the extent it is not structurally impracticable. Any portion of the building or facility which can be made accessible shall comply to the extent that it is not structurally impracticable.

 

 (a) In new construction, a person or entity is not required to meet fully the requirements of these regulations where that person or entity can demonstrate that it is structurally impracticable to do so. Full compliance will be considered structurally impracticable only in those rare circumstances when the unique characteristics of terrain prevent the incorporation of accessibility features. If full compliance with the requirements of these regulations is structurally impracticable, a person or entity shall comply with the requirements to the extent it is not structurally impracticable. Any portion of the building or facility which can be made accessible shall comply to the extent that it is not structurally impracticable.

It was determined that nothing is structurally impracticable in new construction, so the 2010 Standards do not include this provision from the 1994 Standards.

203.1 General. Sites, buildings, facilities, and elements are exempt from these requirements to the extent specified by 203.

 

 

 

 

203.2 Construction Sites. Structures and sites directly associated with the actual processes of construction, including but not limited to, scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, materials storage, and construction trailers shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Portable toilet units provided for use exclusively by construction personnel on a construction site shall not be required to comply with 213 or to be on an accessible route.

 

4.1.1(4) Temporary Structures. . . . .  Structures, sites and equipment directly associated with the actual processes of construction, such as scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, or construction trailers are not included.

 

120-3-20-.03 (4) Temporary Structures. . . . . Structures, sites and equipment directly associated with the actual processes of construction, such as scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, or construction trailers are not included.

 

203.3 Raised Areas. Areas raised primarily for purposes of security, life safety, or fire safety, including but not limited to, observation or lookout galleries, prison guard towers, fire towers, or life guard stands shall not be

required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

4.1.1(5)(b) Accessibility is not required to (i) observation galleries used primarily for security purposes; or (ii) in non-occupiable spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, very narrow passageways, or freight (non-passenger) elevators, and frequented only by service personnel for repair purposes; such spaces include, but are not limited to, elevator pits, elevator penthouses, piping or equipment catwalks.

 

See also Appendix 4.1.1(5)(b)(I)

120-3-20-.03 (b) Accessibility is not required to:

 

(i) observation galleries used primarily for security purposes; or

 

 

 

203.4 Limited Access Spaces. Spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, or very narrow passageways shall not be required to comply with these

requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

4.1.1(5)(b) in non-occupiable spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, very narrow passageways, or freight (non-passenger) elevators, and frequented only by service personnel for repair purposes; such spaces include, but are not limited to, elevator pits, elevator penthouses, piping or equipment catwalks.

 

(ii) in non-occupiable spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, very narrow passageways, or freight (non-passenger) elevators, and frequented only by service personnel for repair purposes; such spaces include, but are not limited to, elevator pits, elevator penthouses, piping or equipment catwalks.

 

203.5 Machinery Spaces. Spaces frequented only by service personnel for maintenance, repair, or occasional monitoring of equipment shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Machinery spaces include, but are not limited to, elevator pits or elevator penthouses; mechanical, electrical or communications equipment rooms; piping or equipment

catwalks; water or sewage treatment pump rooms and stations; electric substations and transformer vaults; and highway and tunnel utility facilities.

 

4.1.1(5)(b) in non-occupiable spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, very narrow passageways, or freight (non-passenger) elevators, and frequented only by service personnel for repair purposes; such spaces include, but are not limited to, elevator pits, elevator penthouses, piping or equipment catwalks.

 

4.1.3(5) EXCEPTION 2: Elevator pits, elevator penthouses, mechanical rooms, piping or equipment catwalks are exempted from this requirement.

 

See also Appendix 4.1.1(5)(b)(ii)

 

(ii) in non-occupiable spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, very narrow passageways, or freight (non-passenger) elevators, and frequented only by service personnel for repair purposes; such spaces include, but are not limited to, elevator pits, elevator penthouses, piping or equipment catwalks.

 

203.6 Single Occupant Structures. Single occupant structures accessed only by passageways below grade or elevated above standard curb height, including but not limited to, toll booths that are accessed only by underground tunnels, shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

See Appendix 4.1.1(5)(b)(iii)

 

 

 

203.7 Detention and Correctional Facilities. In detention and correctional facilities, common use areas that are used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel and that do not serve holding cells or housing cells required to comply with 232, shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

 

 

 

203.8 Residential Facilities. In residential facilities, common use areas that do not serve residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4 shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

 

 

 

203.9 Employee Work Areas. Spaces and elements within employee work areas shall only be required to comply with 206.2.8, 207.1, and 215.3 and shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the employee work area. Employee work areas, or portions of employee work areas, other than raised courtroom stations, that are less than 300 square feet (28 m2) and elevated 7 inches (180 mm) or more above the finish floor or ground where the elevation is essential to the function of the space shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

4.1.1(3) Areas Used Only by Employees as Work Areas. Areas that are used only as work areas shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the areas. These guidelines do not require that any areas used only as work areas be constructed to permit maneuvering within the work area or be constructed or equipped (i.e., with racks or shelves) to be accessible. 

 

120-3-20-.03 (3) Areas Used Only by Employees as Work Areas. Areas that are used only as work areas shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the areas. These regulations do not require that all areas used only as work areas be constructed to permit maneuvering within the work area or be constructed or equipped (i.e., with racks or shelves) to be accessible.

 

Note: Areas Used Only by Employees as Work Areas. Where there are a series of individual work stations of the same type (e.g., laboratories, service counters, ticket booths),5%, but not less than one, of each type of work station should be constructed so that an individual with disabilities can maneuver within the work stations. Rooms housing individual offices in a typical office building must meet the requirements of the regulations concerning doors, accessible routes, etc. but do not need to allow for maneuvering space around all individual desks. Modifications required to permit maneuvering within the work area may be accomplished as a reasonable accommodation to individual employees with disabilities under Title I of the ADA. Consideration should also be given to placing shelves in employee work areas at a convenient height for accessibility or installing commercially available shelving that is adjustable so that reasonable accommodations can be made in the future. If work stations are made accessible they should comply with the applicable provisions of Rules 120-3-20-.03 through 120-3-20-.46.

 

The 2010 Standards include requirements for alarm systems that can be modified to include visible notification appliances at a later date; accessible means of egress; and accessible common circulation paths.  They also provide an exception for levels that are 7 or more inches above the floor where the elevation is essential to the function of the space and the space is less than 300 square feet in size.

203.10 Raised Refereeing, Judging, and Scoring Areas. Raised structures used solely for refereeing, judging, or scoring a sport shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

See Appendix 4.1.1(5)(b)

 

 

 

203.11 Water Slides. Water slides shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

See Appendix 4.1.1(5)(b)

 

 

 

203.12 Animal Containment Areas. Animal containment areas that are not for public use shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

See Appendix 4.1.1(5)(b)

 

203.13 Raised Boxing or Wrestling Rings. Raised boxing or wrestling rings shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

See Appendix 4.1.1(5)(b)

 

 

 

203.14 Raised Diving Boards and Diving Platforms. Raised diving boards and diving platforms shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

 

 

 

 

204 Protruding Objects

 

 

 

 

204.1 General. Protruding objects on circulation paths shall comply with 307.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Within areas of sport activity, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with 307.

2. Within play areas, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with 307 provided that ground level accessible routes provide vertical clearance in compliance with 1008.2.

 

4.1.2(3) All objects that protrude from surfaces or posts into circulation paths shall comply with 4.4.

 

See also Appendix 4.1.2(2)

120-3-20-.07 (c) All objects that protrude from surfaces or posts into circulation paths shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.15

4.1.3(2) All objects that overhang or protrude into circulation paths shall comply with 4.4.

 

120-3-20-.08 (2) All objects that overhang or protrude into circulation paths shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.15.

205 Operable Parts

 

 

 

 

 

205.1 General. Operable parts on accessible elements, accessible routes, and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with 309.

 

4.1.3(13) Controls and operating mechanisms in accessible spaces, along accessible routes, or as parts of accessible elements (for example, light switches and dispenser controls) shall comply with 4.27.

120-3-20-.08 (13) Controls and operating mechanisms in accessible spaces, along accessible routes, or as parts of accessible elements (for example, light switches and dispenser controls) shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.38.

 

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Operable parts that are intended for use only by service or maintenance personnel shall not be required to comply with 309.

 

4.27.3 Exception: These requirements do not apply where the use of special equipment dictates otherwise or where electrical and communications systems receptacles are not normally intended for use by building occupants.

 

 

 

See 120-3-20-.38 (3) Exception   These requirements do not apply where the use of special equipment dictates otherwise or where electrical and communications systems receptacles are not normally intended for use by building occupants.

 

Note:  Fig. A8 further illustrates mandatory and advisory control mounting height provisions for typical equipment.  Electrical receptacles installed to serve individual appliances and not intended for regular or frequent use by building occupants are not required to be mounted within the specified reach ranges.  Examples would be receptacles installed specifically for wall-mounted clocks, refrigerators, and microwave ovens.  

 

2. Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated use shall not be required to comply with 309.

 

3. Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, one outlet shall not be required to comply with 309.

 

The 2010 Standards include this exception to insure compliance with the NFPA 70 National Electrical Code.

4. Floor electrical receptacles shall not be required to comply with 309.

 

 

5. HVAC diffusers shall not be required to comply with 309.

 

6. Except for light switches, where redundant controls are provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not be required to comply with 309.

 

7. Cleats and other boat securement devices shall not be required to comply with 309.3.

 

See Appendix 15.2.5.2

 

 

 

8. Exercise machines and exercise equipment shall not be required to comply with 309.

 

See Appendix 4.1.3(13) Exception

 

 

206 Accessible Routes

 

 

 

 

206.1 General. Accessible routes shall be provided in accordance with 206 and shall comply with Chapter 4.

 

 

 

 

206.2 Where Required. Accessible routes shall be provided where required by 206.2.

 

 

 

 

 

4.1.2 Accessible Sites and Exterior Facilities: New Construction.  An accessible site shall meet the following minimum requirements:

120-3-20-.07 Accessible Sites and Exterior Facilities: New Construction.

An accessible site shall meet the following minimum requirements:

 

206.2.1 Site Arrival Points. At least one accessible route shall be provided within the site from accessible parking spaces and accessible passenger loading zones; public streets and sidewalks; and public transportation stops to the accessible building or facility entrance they serve.

4.1.2(1) At least one accessible route complying with 4.3 shall be provided within the boundary of the site from public transportation stops, accessible parking spaces, passenger loading zones if provided, and public streets or sidewalks, to an accessible building entrance.

 

120-3-20-.07 (a) At least one accessible route complying with Rule 120-3-20-.14 shall be provided within the boundary of the site from public transportation stops, accessible parking spaces, passenger loading zones if provided, and public streets or sidewalks, to an accessible building entrance.

 

4.3.2 Location.

 

(1) At least one accessible route within the boundary of the site shall be provided from public transportation stops, accessible parking, and accessible passenger loading zones, and public streets or sidewalks to the accessible building entrance they serve. The accessible route shall, to the maximum extent feasible, coincide with the route for the general public.

 

(2) At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, facilities, elements, and spaces that are on the same site.

 

See also Appendix 4.1.6(1)(k)

 

120-3-20-.07 (2) Location.

(a) At least one accessible route within the boundary of the site shall be provided from public transportation stops, accessible parking, and accessible passenger loading zones, and public streets or sidewalks to the accessible building entrance they serve. The accessible route shall, to maximum extent feasible coincide with the route for the general public.

 

(b) At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, facilities, elements, and spaces that are on the same site.

 

(c) At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements and with all accessible dwelling units within the building or facility.

 

(d) An accessible route shall connect at least one accessible entrance of each accessible dwelling unit with those exterior and interior spaces and facilities that serve the accessible dwelling unit.

 

Note:  (1) Travel Distances. Many people with mobility impairments can move at only very slow speeds; for many, traveling 200 feet (61 m) could take about 2 minutes. This assumes a rate of about 1.5 ft/s (455 mm/s) on level ground. It also assumes that the traveler would move continuously.  However, on trips over 100 ft (30 m), disabled people are apt to rest frequently, which substantially increases their trip times. Resting periods of 2 minutes for every 100 ft (30 m) can be used to estimate travel times for people with severely limited stamina. In inclement weather, slow progress and resting can greatly increase a disabled person's exposure to the elements.

 

 

 

 

(2) Sites. Level, indirect routes or those with running slopes lower than 1:20 can sometimes provide more convenience than direct routes with maximum allowable slopes or with ramps.

 

 

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, no more than one accessible route from a site arrival point to an accessible entrance shall be required.

 

4.1.7(3) Historic Preservation: Minimum Requirements:

 

 

(a) At least one accessible route complying with 4.3 from a site access point to an accessible entrance shall be provided.

 

 

EXCEPTION: A ramp with a slope no greater than 1:6 for a run not to exceed 2 ft (610 mm) may be used as part of an accessible route to an entrance.

120-3-20-.12 (3) Historic Preservation: Minimum Requirements:

 

 

(a) At least one accessible route complying with 4.3 from a site access point to an accessible entrance shall be provided.

 

EXCEPTION: A ramp with a slope no greater than 1:6 for a run not to exceed 2 ft (610 mm) may be used as part of an accessible route to an entrance.

 

2. An accessible route shall not be required between site arrival points and the building or facility entrance if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access.

 

 

 

The 2010 Standards’ exception specifies that accessible routes are not required where the facility design does not provide for pedestrians walking from site arrival points to building entrances.

206.2.2 Within a Site. At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site.

 

4.1.2(2) At least one accessible route complying with 4.3 shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site.

 

120-3-20-.07 (b) At least one accessible route complying with rule 120-3-20-.14 shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site.

 

EXCEPTION: An accessible route shall not be required between accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access.

 

 

 

The 2010 Standards specify that accessible routes are not required where the facility design does not provide for pedestrians walking between two accessible buildings, facilities, spaces or elements.

206.2.3 Multi-Story Buildings and Facilities. At least one accessible route shall connect each story and mezzanine in multi-story buildings and facilities.

 

4.1.3(5) One passenger elevator complying with 4.10 shall serve each level, including mezzanines, in all multi-story buildings and facilities unless exempted below. If more than one elevator is provided, each passenger elevator shall comply with 4.10.  

 

120-3-20-.08 (5) One passenger elevator complying with rule 120-3-20-.21 shall serve each level, including mezzanines, in all multi-story buildings and facilities unless exempted below. If more than one elevator is provided, each full passenger elevator shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.21.

 

 

EXCEPTIONS:

1. In private buildings or facilities that are less than three stories or that have less than 3000 square feet (279 m2) per story, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories provided that the building or facility is not a shopping center, a shopping mall, the professional office of a health care provider, a terminal, depot or other station used for specified public transportation, an airport passenger terminal, or another type of facility as determined by the Attorney General.

 

EXCEPTION 1: Elevators are not required in facilities that are less than three stories or that have less than 3000 square feet per story unless the building is a shopping center, a shopping mall, or the professional office of a health care provider, or another type of facility as determined by the Attorney General.

 

See 10.1

 

See also Appendix 4.1.3(5) Exception (1)

EXCEPTION 1: Elevators are not required in facilities that are less than three stories or that have less than 3000 square feet per story unless the building is a shopping center, a shopping mall, or the professional office of a health care provider, or another type of facility as determined by the U.S. Attorney General.

The 2010 Standards and the Georgia Accessibility Code provide exceptions for accessible routes, while the 1994 Standards provide an exception for an elevator.

 

All three do not allow their exemptions to be applied to levels containing offices of health care providers, shopping malls, or passenger transportation facilities.

 

2. Where a two story public building or facility has one story with an occupant load of five or fewer persons that does not contain public use space, that story shall not be required to be connected to the story above or below.

 

See Appendix 4.1.3(5) Exception (1)

 

The 2010 Standards exempt two story buildings where one story has an occupant load of 5 or less and does not contain public use space.  The document does not establish occupant loads.

 

 

The elevator exemption set forth in this paragraph does not obviate or limit in any way the obligation to comply with the other accessibility requirements established in section 4.1.3. For example, floors above or below the accessible ground floor must meet the requirements of this section except for elevator service. If toilet or bathing facilities are provided on a level not served by an elevator, then toilet or bathing facilities must be provided on the accessible ground floor. In new construction, if a building or facility is eligible for exemption but a passenger elevator is nonetheless planned, that elevator shall meet the requirements of 4.10 and shall serve each level in the building. A passenger elevator that provides service from a garage to only one level of a building or facility is not required to serve other levels.

 

The elevator exemption set forth in this paragraph does not obviate or limit in any way the obligation to comply with the other accessibility requirements established in rule 120-3-20-.08. For example, floors above or below the accessible ground floor must meet the requirements of this section except for elevator service. If toilet or bathing facilities are provided on a level not served by an elevator, then toilet or bathing facilities must be provided on the accessible ground floor. In new construction if a building or facility is eligible for this exemption but a full passenger elevator is nonetheless planned, that elevator shall meet the requirements of rule 120-3-20-.21 and shall serve each level in the building. A full passenger elevator that provides service from a garage to only one level of a building or facility is not required to serve other levels.

The 1994 Standards requirement is covered by the 2010 Standards’ requirements that all spaces have to be accessible unless specifically exempted, and further clarified by the fact that the exemptions above apply only to vertical accessible routes, and not the levels or stories.

 

4.1.3(5) EXCEPTION 3: Accessible ramps complying with 4.8 may be used in lieu of an elevator.

 

EXCEPTION 3: Accessible ramps complying with rule 120-3-20-.19 may be used in lieu of an elevator.

This exception is unnecessary in the 2010 Standards because the base requirement is for accessible routes, not elevators.

 

4.1.6(1)(k) EXCEPTION:

 

(i) These guidelines do not require the installation of an elevator in an altered facility that is less than three stories or has less than 3,000 square feet per story unless the building is a shopping center, a shopping mall, the professional office of a health care provider, or another type of facility as determined by the Attorney General.

(ii) The exemption provided in paragraph (i) does not obviate or limit in any way the obligation to comply with the other accessibility requirements established in these guidelines. For example, alterations to floors above or below the ground floor must be accessible regardless of whether the altered facility has an elevator. If a facility subject to the elevator exemption set forth in paragraph (i) nonetheless has a passenger elevator, that elevator shall meet, to the maximum extent feasible, the accessibility requirements of these guidelines.

 

120-3-20-.11 (k) EXCEPTION:

(i) These Regulations do not require the installation of an elevator in an altered facility that is less than three stories or has less than 3,000 square feet per story unless the building is a shopping center, a shopping mall, the professional office of a health care provider, or another type of facility as determined by the U.S. Attorney General.

 

(ii)This exemption does not obviate or limit in any way the obligation to comply with the other accessibility requirements established in these regulations. For example, alterations to floors above or below the ground floor must be accessible regardless of whether the altered facility has an elevator. If a facility subject to the elevator exemption set forth in paragraph (1) nonetheless has a full passenger elevator, that elevator shall meet, to the maximum extent feasible, the accessibility requirements of these rules.

 

3. In detention and correctional facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where cells with mobility features required to comply with 807.2, all common use areas serving cells with mobility features required to comply with 807.2, and all public use areas are on an accessible route.

 

See Appendix 12.1 EXCEPTION

 

 

4. In residential facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where residential dwelling units with mobility features required to comply with 809.2 through 809.4, all common use areas serving residential

dwelling units with mobility features required to comply with 809.2 through 809.4, and public use areas serving residential dwelling units are on an accessible route.

 

 

 

 

5. Within multi-story transient lodging guest rooms with mobility features required to comply with 806.2, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories provided that spaces complying with 806.2 are on an accessible route and sleeping accommodations for two persons minimum are provided on a story served by an accessible route.

 

9.2.2 Minimum Requirements. An accessible unit, sleeping room or suite shall be on an accessible route complying with 4.3 and have the following accessible elements and spaces.

(2) An accessible route complying with 4.3 shall connect all accessible spaces and elements, including telephones, within the unit, sleeping room, or suite. This is not intended to require an elevator in multi-story units as long as the spaces identified in 9.2.2(6) and (7) are on accessible levels and the accessible sleeping area is suitable for dual occupancy.

120-3-20-.51 (b) Minimum Requirements.  An accessible unit, sleeping room or suite shall be on an accessible route complying with rule 120-3-20-.14 and have the following accessible elements and spaces.

 

2. An accessible route complying with rule 120-3-20-.14 shall connect all accessible spaces and elements, including telephones, within the unit, sleeping room, or suite.  This is not intended to require an elevator in multistory units as long as the spaces identified in rule 120-3-20-.51(2)(b)(6) and rule 120-3-20-.51(2)(b)(7) are on accessible levels and the accessible sleeping area is suitable for dual occupancy.

 

6. In air traffic control towers, an accessible route shall not be required to serve the cab and the floor immediately below the cab.

 

See Appendix 4.1.3(5) Exception 5

 

The 2010 Standards exempt these levels because the enclosed elevator hoistway (to provide access into the cab) or elevator penthouse necessary to provide overhead car clearance (to provide elevator access to the floor immediately below the cab) would obstruct the 360 degree sightlines necessary in an air traffic control tower cab. (The “cab” is the top, window-enclosed level of a tower.) Theoretically, the 1994 Standards require an elevator to serve all levels of an air traffic control tower, though most are built by the federal government and not subject to the ADA.

 

7. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, an accessible route shall not be required to stories located above or below the accessible story.

 

4.1.7(3)(d) Accessible routes from an accessible entrance to all publicly used spaces on at least the level of the accessible entrance shall be provided. Access shall be provided to all levels of a building or facility in compliance with 4.1 whenever practical.

 

120-3-20-.12 (d) Accessible routes from an accessible entrance to all publicly used spaces on at least the level of the accessible entrance shall be provided. Access shall be provided to all levels of a building or facility in compliance with 120-3-20-.03 whenever practical.

 

206.2.3.1 Stairs and Escalators in Existing Buildings. In alterations and additions, where an escalator or stair is provided where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for the installation, an accessible route shall be provided between the levels served by the escalator or stair unless exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7.

 

4.1.6(1)(f) If an escalator or stair is planned or installed where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for such installation, then a means of accessible vertical access shall be provided that complies with the applicable provisions of 4.7, 4.8, 4.10 or 4.11.

 

120-3-20-.11 (f) If an escalator or stair is planned or installed where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for such installation, then a means of accessible vertical access shall be provided that complies with the applicable provisions of 120-3-20-.19, 120-3-20-.20, 120-3-20-.10, or 120-3-20-.11.

 

206.2.4 Spaces and Elements. At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements within the building or facility which are otherwise connected by a circulation path unless exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7.

 

4.1.3 Accessible Buildings: New Construction. Accessible buildings and facilities shall meet the following minimum requirements:

 

120-3-20-.08 Accessible Buildings: New Construction.

Accessible buildings and facilities shall meet the following minimum requirements:

 

4.1.3(1) At least one accessible route complying with 4.3 shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements within the building or facility.

 

120-3-20-.08 (1) At least one accessible route complying with rule 120-3-20-.14 shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements within the building or facility.

4.1.3 (3) Ground and floor surfaces along accessible routes and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with 4.5.

120-3-20-.08 (3) Ground and floor surfaces along accessible routes and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.16.

4.3.2(3) At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements and with all accessible dwelling units within the building or facility.

 

120-3-20-.08 (c) At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements and with all accessible dwelling units within the building or facility.

 

4.14 Entrances.

 

4.14.1 Minimum Number. Entrances required to be accessible by 4.1 shall be part of an accessible route complying with 4.3. Such entrances shall be connected by an accessible route to public transportation stops, to accessible parking and passenger loading zones, and to public streets or sidewalks if available (see 4.3.2(1)). They shall also be connected by an accessible route to all accessible spaces or elements within the building or facility.

 

120-3-20-.25 Entrances.

 

(1) Minimum Number. Entrances required to be accessible by rule 120-3-20-.03 shall be part of an accessible route complying with rule 120-3-20-.14. Such entrances shall be connected by an accessible route to public transportation stops, to accessible parking and passenger loading zones, and to public streets or sidewalks if available (see rule 120-3-20-.14.(2)(1)). They shall also be connected by an accessible route to all accessible spaces or elements within the building or facility.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Raised courtroom stations, including judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court reporters' stations shall not be required to provide vertical access provided that the required clear floor space, maneuvering space, and, if appropriate, electrical service are installed at the time of initial construction to allow future installation of a means of vertical access complying with 405, 407, 408, or 410

without requiring substantial reconstruction of the space.

 

See Appendix 11.2.1(1) EXCEPTION

 

The 2010 Standards exempt raised courtroom stations from the vertical accessibility requirement.

2. In assembly areas with fixed seating required to comply with 221, an accessible route shall not be required to serve fixed seating where wheelchair spaces required to be on an accessible route are not provided.

 

 

 

 

3. Accessible routes shall not be required to connect mezzanines where buildings or facilities have no more than one story. In addition, accessible routes shall

not be required to connect stories or mezzanines where multi-story buildings or facilities are exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7.

 

4.1.3(5) One passenger elevator complying with 4.10 shall serve each level, including mezzanines, in all multi-story buildings and facilities unless exempted below. If more than one elevator is provided, each passenger elevator shall comply with 4.10.  

 

120-3-20-.08 (5) One passenger elevator complying with rule 120-3-20-.21 shall serve each level, including mezzanines, in all multi-story buildings and facilities unless exempted below. If more than one elevator is provided, each full passenger elevator shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.21.

 

 

 

206.2.5 Restaurants and Cafeterias. In restaurants and cafeterias, an accessible route shall be provided to all dining areas, including raised or sunken dining areas, and outdoor dining areas.

 

5.4 Dining Areas. In new construction, all dining areas, including raised or sunken dining areas, loggias, and outdoor seating areas, shall be accessible. In non-elevator buildings, an accessible means of vertical access to the mezzanine is not required under the following conditions: 1) the area of mezzanine seating measures no more than 33 percent of the area of the total accessible seating area; 2) the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by the general public; and, 3) the accessible areas are not restricted to use by people with disabilities. In alterations, accessibility to raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts of outdoor seating areas is not required provided that the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by the general public and are not restricted to use by people with disabilities.

 

120-3-20-.47 (4) Dining Areas.  In new construction, all dining areas, including raised or sunken dining areas, loggias, and outdoor seating areas, shall be accessible.  In buildings without elevators, an accessible means of vertical access to the mezzanine is not required under the following conditions:  (a) the area of mezzanine seating measures no more than 33 percent of the area of the total accessible seating area; (b) the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by the general public; and, (c) the accessible areas are not restricted to use by people with disabilities.  In alterations, accessibility to raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts of outdoor seating areas is not required provided that the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by the general public and are not restricted to use by people with disabilities

 

Figure 53.  Food Service Lines.

  The clear width of the food service line shall be measured from the leading edge of the tray slide.

 

EXCEPTIONS:

1. In buildings or facilities not required to provide an accessible route between stories, an accessible route shall not be required to a mezzanine dining area where the mezzanine contains less than 25 percent of the total

combined area for seating and dining and where the same decor and services are provided in the accessible area.

 

 

 

 

2. In alterations, an accessible route shall not be required to existing raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts of existing outdoor dining areas where the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by the

public and not restricted to use by people with disabilities.

 

 

 

 

3. In sports facilities, tiered dining areas providing seating required to comply with 221 shall be required to have accessible routes serving at least 25 percent of the dining area provided that accessible routes serve seating

complying with 221 and each tier is provided with the same services.

 

 

 

The 1994 Standards and Georgia Accessibility Code do not include this exception, and require 100% of the dining areas in sports facilities to be accessible.  Because restaurants in sports venues are often built into the bowl of a stadium or arena, and because the principle reason to go to a restaurant in these venues is to watch the play on the field, the 2010 Standards permit tiered dining levels where 25% of the dining space is accessible.

 

206.2.6 Performance Areas. Where a circulation path directly connects a performance area to an assembly seating area, an accessible route shall directly connect the assembly seating area with the performance area. An accessible route shall be provided from performance areas to ancillary areas or facilities used by performers unless exempted by 206.2.3 Exceptions 1 through 7.

 

4.33.5 Access to Performing Areas. An accessible route shall connect wheelchair seating locations with performing areas, including stages, arena floors, dressing rooms, locker rooms, and other spaces used by performers.

 

120-3-20-.44 (5) Access to Performing Areas.  An accessible route shall connect wheelchair seating locations with performing areas, including stages, arena floors, dressing rooms, locker rooms, and other spaces used by performers. 

The 1994 Standards require an accessible route between performance areas and wheelchair seating locations, regardless of whether such intercommunication is otherwise planned.  The 2010 Standards require accessible routes only where a circulation path is provided.

 

4.1.6(3)(f)(ii) Where it is technically infeasible to alter all performing areas to be on an accessible route, at least one of each type of performing area shall be made accessible.

 

120-3-20-.11 (ii) Where it is technically infeasible to alter all performing areas to be on an accessible route, at least one of each type of performing area shall be made accessible.

 

 

5.7 Raised Platforms. In banquet rooms or spaces where a head table or speaker's lectern is located on a raised platform, the platform shall be accessible in compliance with 4.8 or 4.11. Open edges of a raised platform shall be protected by placement of tables or by a curb.

 

120-3-20-.47 (7) Raised Platforms.  In banquet rooms or spaces where a head table or speaker's lectern is located on a raised platform, the platform shall be accessible in compliance with rule 120-3-20-.19 or rule 120-3-20-.22.  Open edges of a raised platform shall be protected by placement of tables or by a curb. 

 

206.2.7 Press Boxes. Press boxes in assembly areas shall be on an accessible route.

 

 

 

 

EXCEPTIONS:

1. An accessible route shall not be required to press boxes in bleachers that have points of entry at only one level provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square feet (46 m2) maximum.

 

 

 

The 1994 Standards require an accessible route to many press boxes built into or above bleacher systems, particularly in Title II entities.  This proved to be impracticable in venues like small high school football fields, and the 2010 Standards provide an exception for this design.

 

2. An accessible route shall not be required to free-standing press boxes that are elevated above grade 12 feet (3660 mm) minimum provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square feet (46 m2) maximum.

 

A free-standing press box is a single story unit that must be served by and accessible route according to the 1994 Standards, even where the box is located on piers or stilts 12 feet above the playing surface.  The 2010 Standards provide exceptions for these small, elevated press boxes.

 

206.2.8 Employee Work Areas. Common use circulation paths within employee work areas shall comply with 402.

 

4.1.1(3) Areas Used Only by Employees as Work Areas. Areas that are used only as work areas shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the areas. These guidelines do not require that any areas used only as work areas be constructed to permit maneuvering within the work area or be constructed or equipped (i.e., with racks or shelves) to be accessible. 

 

120-3-20-.03 (3) Areas Used Only by Employees as Work Areas. Areas that are used only as work areas shall be designed and constructed so that individuals with disabilities can approach, enter, and exit the areas. These regulations do not require that all areas used only as work areas be constructed to permit maneuvering within the work area or be constructed or equipped (i.e., with racks or shelves) to be accessible.

 

Note: Areas Used Only by Employees as Work Areas. Where there are a series of individual work stations of the same type (e.g., laboratories, service counters, ticket booths), 5%, but not less than one, of each type of work station should be constructed so that an individual with disabilities can maneuver within the work stations. Rooms housing individual offices in a typical office building must meet the requirements of the regulations concerning doors, accessible routes, etc. but do not need to allow for maneuvering space around all individual desks. Modifications required to permit maneuvering within the work area may be accomplished as a reasonable accommodation to individual employees with disabilities under Title I of the ADA. Consideration should also be given to placing shelves in employee work areas at a convenient height for accessibility or installing commercially available shelving that is adjustable so that reasonable accommodations can be made in the future. If work stations are made accessible they should comply with the applicable provisions of Rules 120-3-20-.03 through 120-3-20-.46.

 

The 2010 Standards require common circulation paths in employee areas to be accessible.  The 1994 Standards and Georgia Accessibility Code only require that individuals be able to approach, enter and exit the space.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are less than 1000 square feet (93 m2) and defined by permanently installed partitions, counters, casework, or furnishings shall not be required to comply

with 402.

 

 

 

 

2. Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are an integral component of work area equipment shall not be required to comply with 402.

 

 

 

 

3. Common use circulation paths located within exterior employee work areas that are fully exposed to the weather shall not be required to comply with 402.

 

 

 

 

206.2.9 Amusement Rides. Amusement rides required to comply with 234 shall provide accessible routes in accordance with 206.2.9. Accessible routes serving amusement rides shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1002.2.

 

See Appendix 15.1

 

 

206.2.9.1 Load and Unload Areas. Load and unload areas shall be on an accessible route. Where load and unload areas have more than one loading or unloading position, at least one loading and unloading position shall be on an accessible route.

 

206.2.9.2 Wheelchair Spaces, Ride Seats Designed for Transfer, and Transfer Devices. When amusement rides are in the load and unload position, wheelchair spaces complying with 1002.4, amusement ride seats designed for transfer complying with 1002.5, and transfer devices complying with 1002.6 shall be on an accessible route.

 

206.2.10 Recreational Boating Facilities. Boat slips required to comply with 235.2 and boarding piers at boat launch ramps required to comply with 235.3 shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving recreational boating facilities shall comply with Chapter 4, except as modified by 1003.2.

 

See Appendix 15.2

 

 

206.2.11 Bowling Lanes. Where bowling lanes are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type of bowling lane, shall be on an accessible route.

 

See Appendix 15.7.3

 

 

206.2.12 Court Sports. In court sports, at least one accessible route shall directly connect both sides of the court.

 

See Appendix 4.1.3(1)(b)

 

 

206.2.13 Exercise Machines and Equipment. Exercise machines and equipment required to comply with 236 shall be on an accessible route.

 

See Appendix 15.7.2

 

 

206.2.14 Fishing Piers and Platforms. Fishing piers and platforms shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving fishing piers and platforms shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1005.1.

 

See Appendix 15.3

 

 

206.2.15 Golf Facilities. At least one accessible route shall connect accessible elements and spaces within the boundary of the golf course. In addition, accessible routes serving golf car rental areas; bag drop areas; course weather shelters complying with 238.2.3; course toilet rooms; and practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges complying

with 238.3 shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1006.2.

 

See Appendix 15.4

 

 

EXCEPTION: Golf car passages complying with 1006.3 shall be permitted to be used for all or part of accessible routes required by 206.2.15.

 

 

206.2.16 Miniature Golf Facilities. Holes required to comply with 239.2, including the start of play, shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving miniature golf facilities shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1007.2.

 

See Appendix 15.5

 

 

206.2.17 Play Areas. Play areas shall provide accessible routes in accordance with 206.2.17. Accessible routes serving play areas shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by 1008.2.

 

See Appendix 15.6

 

 

206.2.17.1 Ground Level and Elevated Play Components. At least one accessible route shall be provided within the play area. The accessible route shall connect ground level play components required to comply with 240.2.1 and elevated play components required to comply with 240.2.2, including entry and exit points of the play components.

 

206.2.17.2 Soft Contained Play Structures. Where three or fewer entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least one entry point shall be on an accessible route. Where four or more entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least two entry points shall be on an accessible route.

 

206.3 Location. Accessible routes shall coincide with or be located in the same area as general circulation paths. Where circulation paths are interior, required accessible routes shall also be interior.

 

4.3.2 Location.

(1) At least one accessible route within the boundary of the site shall be provided from public transportation stops, accessible parking, and accessible passenger loading zones, and public streets or sidewalks to the accessible building entrance they serve. The accessible route shall, to the maximum extent feasible, coincide with the route for the general public.

 

 

120-3-20-.07

(a) At least one accessible route complying with Rule 120-3-20-.14 shall be provided within the boundary of the site from public transportation stops, accessible parking spaces, passenger loading zones if provided, and public streets or sidewalks, to an accessible building entrance.

 

206.4 Entrances. Entrances shall be provided in accordance with 206.4. Entrance doors, doorways, and gates shall comply with 404 and shall be on an accessible route complying with 402.

 

 

 

 

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Where an alteration includes alterations to an entrance, and the building or facility has another entrance complying with 404 that is on an accessible route, the altered entrance shall not be required to comply with 206.4 unless required by 202.4.

 

4.1.6(1)(h) Entrances: If a planned alteration entails alterations to an entrance, and the building has an accessible entrance, the entrance being altered is not required to comply with 4.1.3(8), except to the extent required by 4.1.6(2). If a particular entrance is not made accessible, appropriate accessible signage indicating the location of the nearest accessible entrance(s) shall be installed at or near the inaccessible entrance, such that a person with disabilities will not be required to retrace the approach route from the inaccessible entrance. 

 

120-3-20-.11 (h) Entrances: If a planned alteration entails alterations to an entrance, and the building has an accessible entrance, the entrance being altered is not required to comply with 120-3-20-.08(8), except to the extent required by 120-3-20-.11(2).  If a particular entrance is not made accessible, appropriate accessible signage indicating the location of the nearest accessible entrance(s) shall be installed at or near the inaccessible entrance, such that a person with disabilities will not be required to retrace the approach route from the inaccessible entrance.

 

Note: When an entrance is being altered, it is required that those entrances being altered be made accessible to the extent feasible.

 

 

2. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities are permitted by 202.5, no more than one public entrance shall be required to comply with 206.4. Where no public entrance can comply with 206.4 under criteria established in 202.5 Exception, then either an unlocked entrance not used by the public shall comply with 206.4; or a locked entrance complying with 206.4 with a notification system or remote monitoring shall be provided.

 

4.1.7(3)(b) At least one accessible entrance complying with 4.14 which is used by the public shall be provided.

 EXCEPTION: If it is determined that no entrance used by the public can comply with 4.14, then access at any entrance not used by the general public but open (unlocked) with directional signage at the primary entrance may be used. The accessible entrance shall also have a notification system. Where security is a problem, remote monitoring may be used.

 

120-3-20-.12 (b) At least one accessible entrance complying with 120-3-20-.25 which is used by the public shall be provided.

 

EXCEPTION: If it is determined that no entrance used by the public can comply with 120-3-20-.25, then access at any entrance not used by the general public but open (unlocked) with directional signage at the primary entrance may be used. The accessible entrance shall also have a notification system. Where security is a problem, remote monitoring may be used.

 

 

206.4.1 Public Entrances. In addition to entrances required by 206.4.2 through 206.4.9, at least 60 percent of all public entrances shall comply with 404.

 

4.1.3(8) The requirements in (a) and (b) below shall be satisfied independently:

(a)(i) At least 50 percent of all public entrances (excluding those in (b) below) shall comply with 4.14. At least one must be a ground floor entrance. Public entrances are any entrances that are not loading or service entrances.

(ii) Accessible public entrances must be provided in a number at least equivalent to the number of exits required by the applicable building or fire codes. (This paragraph does not require an increase in the total number of public entrances planned for a facility.)

 

120-3-20-.08 (8) In new construction, at a minimum, the requirements in (a) and (b) below shall be satisfied independently:

(a) 1. All primary entrances (excluding those in (b) below) must be accessible. At least one must be a ground floor entrance. Public entrances are any entrances that are not loading or service entrances.

 

2. Accessible entrances must be provided in a number at least equivalent to the number of exits required by the applicable building/fire codes. (This paragraph does not require an increase in the total number of entrances planned for a facility.)

 

 

The 2010 Standards require 60% of all public entrances to be accessible; the 1994 Standards specify 50%. The  Georgia Accessibility Code requires all primary entrances to be accessible.

206.4.2 Parking Structure Entrances. Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a parking structure to a building or facility entrance, each direct access to the building or facility entrance shall comply with 404.

 

4.1.3(8)(b)(i) In addition, if direct access is provided for pedestrians from an enclosed parking garage to the building, at least one direct entrance from the garage to the building must be accessible.

 

120-3-20-.08 (b) 1. In addition, if direct access is provided for pedestrians from an enclosed parking garage to the building, at least one direct entrance from the garage to the building must be accessible.

 

 

The 1994 Standards and Georgia Accessibility Code specify an “enclosed” parking garage.

206.4.3 Entrances from Tunnels or Elevated Walkways. Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway to a building or facility, at least one direct entrance to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway shall comply with 404.

 

4.1.3(8)(b)(ii) If access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway, one entrance to the building from each tunnel or walkway must be accessible.

 

One entrance may be considered as meeting more than one of the requirements in (b).

 

Because entrances also serve as emergency exits whose proximity to all parts of buildings and facilities is essential, it is preferable that all entrances be accessible.

 

120-3-20-.08 2. If access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway, one entrance to the building from each tunnel or walkway must be accessible. One entrance may be considered as meeting more than one of the requirements in (b). Because entrances also serve as emergency exits whose proximity to all parts of buildings and facilities is essential, it is preferable that all entrances be accessible.

 

206.4.4 Transportation Facilities. In addition to the requirements of 206.4.2, 206.4.3, and 206.4.5 through 206.4.9, transportation facilities shall provide entrances in accordance with 206.4.4.

 

10.3.1 New Construction. New stations in rapid rail, light rail, commuter rail, intercity bus, intercity rail, high speed rail, and other fixed guideway systems (e.g., automated guideway transit, monorails, etc.) shall comply with the following provisions, as applicable . . .

 

See also 10.3.2(2)

120-3-20-.52  (3)(a)  New Construction.  New stations in rapid rail, light rail, commuter rail, intercity bus, intercity rail, high speed rail, and other fixed guide way systems (e.g., automated guide way transit, monorails, etc.) shall comply with the following provisions, as applicable:

 

 

206.4.4.1 Location. In transportation facilities, where different entrances serve different transportation fixed routes or groups of fixed routes, at least one public entrance serving each fixed route or group of fixed routes shall comply with 404.

 

10.3.1(2) In lieu of compliance with 4.1.3(8), at least one entrance to each station shall comply with 4.14, Entrances. If different entrances to a station serve different transportation fixed routes or groups of fixed routes, at least one entrance serving each group or route shall comply with 4.14, Entrances. All accessible entrances shall, to the maximum extent practicable, coincide with those used by the majority of the general public.

 

120-3-20-.52  (3) 2. In lieu of compliance with rule 120-3-20-.08(8), at least one entrance to each station shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.25, Entrances.  If different entrances to a station serve different transportation fixed routes or groups of fixed routes, at least one entrance serving each group or route shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.25, Entrances.  All accessible entrances shall, to the maximum extent practicable, coincide with those used by the majority of the general public. 

 

 

EXCEPTION: Entrances to key stations and existing intercity rail stations retrofitted in accordance with 49 CFR 37.49 or 49 CFR 37.51 shall not be required to comply with 206.4.4.1.

 

10.3.2 Existing Facilities: Key Stations.

(1) Rapid, light and commuter rail key stations, as defined under criteria established by the Department of Transportation in subpart C of 49 C.F.R. part 37 and existing intercity rail stations shall provide at least one accessible route from an accessible entrance to those areas necessary for use of the transportation system.

 

120-3-20-.52 (b) Existing Facilities: Key Stations.

1. Rapid, light and commuter rail key stations, as defined under criteria established by the Department of Transportation in subpart C of 49 CFR part 37 and existing intercity rail stations shall provide at least one accessible route from an accessible entrance to those areas necessary for use of the transportation system.

 

(2) The accessible route required by 10.3.2(1) shall include the features specified in 10.3.1(1), (4)-(9), (11)-(15), and (17)-(19).

120-3-20-.52 2. The accessible route required by rule 120-3-20-.52(b)1 shall include the features specified in rules 120-3-20-.52(a)(1), (4)-(9), (11)-(15), and (17)-(19).

206.4.4.2 Direct Connections. Direct connections to other facilities shall provide an accessible route complying with 404 from the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible. Any elements provided to facilitate future direct connections shall be on an accessible route connecting boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible.

 

10.3.1(3) Direct connections to commercial, retail, or residential facilities shall have an accessible route complying with 4.3 from the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation system elements used by the public. Any elements provided to facilitate future direct connections shall be on an accessible route connecting boarding platforms and all transportation system elements used by the public.

120-3-20-.52 3. Direct connections to commercial, retail, or residential facilities shall have an accessible route complying with rule 120-3-20-.14 from the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation system elements used by the public.  Any elements provided to facilitate future direct connections shall be on an accessible route connecting boarding platforms and all transportation system elements used by the public.

 

EXCEPTION: In key stations and existing intercity rail stations, existing direct connections shall not be required to comply with 404.

 

See 10.3.2(2)

 

 

206.4.4.3 Key Stations and Intercity Rail Stations. Key stations and existing intercity rail stations required by Subpart C of 49 CFR part 37 to be altered, shall have at least one entrance complying with 404.

 

10.3.3 Existing Facilities: Alterations.

(1) For the purpose of complying with 4.1.6(2) Alterations to an Area Containing a Primary Function, an area of primary function shall be as defined by applicable provisions of 49 C.F.R. 37.43(c) (Department of Transportation's ADA Rule) or 28 C.F.R. 36.403 (Department of Justice's ADA Rule).

 

See also 10.3.2(1)

120-3-20-.52 (c) Existing Facilities: Alterations.

1. For the purpose of complying with rule 120-3-20-.11(2) Alterations to an Area Containing a Primary Function, an area of primary function shall be as defined by applicable provisions of 49 CFR 37.43(c) (Department of Transportation's ADA Rule) or 28 CFR 36.403 (Department of Justice's ADA Rule).

 

206.4.5 Tenant Spaces. At least one accessible entrance to each tenancy in a facility shall comply with 404.

 

4.1.3(8)(a)(iii) An accessible public entrance must be provided to each tenancy in a facility (for example, individual stores in a strip shopping center).

 

One entrance may be considered as meeting more than one of the requirements in (a). Where feasible, accessible public entrances shall be the entrances used by the majority of people visiting or working in the building.

 

120-3-20-.08 (8)(a)3. An accessible entrance must be provided to each tenancy in a facility (for example, individual stores in a strip shopping center). One entrance may be considered as meeting more than one of the requirements in (a). Where feasible, accessible entrances shall be the entrances used by the majority of people visiting or working in the building.

 

EXCEPTION: Self-service storage facilities not required to comply with 225.3 shall not be required to be on an accessible route.

 

 

 

 

206.4.6 Residential Dwelling Unit Primary Entrance. In residential dwelling units, at least one primary entrance shall comply with 404. The primary entrance to a residential dwelling unit shall not be to a bedroom.

 

 

 

 

206.4.7 Restricted Entrances. Where restricted entrances are provided to a building or facility, at least one restricted entrance to the building or facility shall comply with 404.

 

See Appendix 4.1.3(8)(a) and Appendix 4.1.3(8)(b)

 

The 1994 Standards and Georgia Accessibility Code do not address restricted entrances.

206.4.8 Service Entrances. If a service entrance is the only entrance to a building or to a tenancy in a facility, that entrance shall comply with 404.

 

4.1.3(8)(c) If the only entrance to a building, or tenancy in a facility, is a service entrance, that entrance shall be accessible.

 

120-3-20-.08  (b)(2) Service Entrances. A service entrance shall not be the sole accessible entrance unless it is the only entrance to a building or facility (for example, in a factory or garage).

 

4.14.2 Service Entrances. A service entrance shall not be the sole accessible entrance unless it is the only entrance to a building or facility (for example, in a factory or garage).

 

206.4.9 Entrances for Inmates or Detainees. Where entrances used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel are provided at judicial facilities, detention facilities, or correctional facilities, at least one such entrance shall comply with 404.

 

 

See Appendix 4.1.3(8)(a) and Appendix 4.1.3(8)(b)

 

The 1994 Standards and Georgia Accessibility Code do not address entrances for inmates or detainees.

 

6.2 Entrances. – Medical Care Facilities At least one accessible entrance that complies with 4.14 shall be protected from the weather by canopy or roof overhang.  Such entrances shall incorporate a passenger loading zone that complies with 4.6.6.

120-3-20-.48 2) Entrances – Medical Care Facilities.  At least one accessible entrance that complies with rule 120-3-20-.25 shall be protected from the weather by canopy or roof overhang.  Such entrances shall incorporate a passenger loading zone that complies with rule 120-3-20-.17(6).

 

206.5 Doors, Doorways, and Gates. Doors, doorways, and gates providing user passage shall be provided in accordance with 206.5.

 

206.5.1 Entrances. Each entrance to a building or facility required to comply with 206.4 shall have at least one door, doorway, or gate complying with 404.

 

206.5.2 Rooms and Spaces. Within a building or facility, at least one door, doorway, or gate serving each room or space complying with these requirements shall comply with 404.

 

4.1.3(7) Doors

(a) At each accessible entrance to a building or facility, at least one door shall comply with 4.13.

 

(b) Within a building or facility, at least one door at each accessible space shall comply with 4.13.

(c) Each door that is an element of an accessible route shall comply with 4.13.

(d) Each door required by 4.3.10, Egress, shall comply with 4.13.

 

120-3-20-.08 (7) Doors:

(a) At each accessible entrance to a building or facility, at least one door shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.24.

 

(b) Within a building or facility, at least one door at each accessible space shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.24

 

(c) Each door that is an element of an accessible route shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.24.

 

(d) Each door required by rule 120-3-20-.14(10), Egress, shall comply with 1 rule 20-3-20-.24.

 

206.5.3 Transient Lodging Facilities. In transient lodging facilities, entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall comply with 404.2.3.

 

EXCEPTION: Shower and sauna doors in guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with 806.2 shall not be required to comply with 404.2.3.

 

9.4 Other Sleeping Rooms and Suites.  Doors and doorways designed to allow passage into and within all sleeping units or other covered units shall comply with 4.13.5.

 

120-3-20-.51 8 (4) Other Sleeping Rooms and Suites.  Doors and doorways designed to allow passage into and within all sleeping units or other covered units shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.24(5). 

 

206.5.4 Residential Dwelling Units. In residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with 809.2 through 809.4, all doors and doorways providing user passage shall comply with 404.

 

 

 

 

206.6 Elevators. Elevators provided for passengers shall comply with 407. Where multiple elevators are provided, each elevator shall comply with 407.

 

4.1.3(5) One passenger elevator complying with 4.10 shall serve each level, including mezzanines, in all multi-story buildings and facilities unless exempted below. If more than one elevator is provided, each full passenger elevator shall comply with 4.10.

120-3-20-.08 (5) One passenger elevator complying with rule 120-3-20-.21 shall serve each level, including mezzanines, in all multi-story buildings and facilities unless exempted below. If more than one elevator is provided, each full passenger elevator shall comply with rule 120-3-20-.21.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Limited-Use/Limited-Application elevators are most economical in existing buildings due to certain exceptions that ASME A17.1 allows in these installations. It is here where this requirement becomes ambiguous because all three documents permit the use of platform lifts in existing buildings.  The ASME A18.1 standard referenced by the 2010 Standards permits vertical platform lifts to penetrate floors.  The result is that while the 2010 Standards appear to be more restrictive by not allowing limited-use elevators where a “full passenger elevator” is required, this provision could drive the installation of a less accessible platform lift instead of a passenger elevator.  For example, an existing small, two-story town hall would not be permitted to have a limited-use elevator installed, but if the town cannot afford $50-60K for a 2500 lb passenger elevator, it could install a less accessible platform lift to serve the second story.

 

EXCEPTIONS:

1. In a building or facility permitted to use the exceptions to 206.2.3 or permitted by 206.7 to use a platform lift, elevators complying with 408 shall be permitted.